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Updated by abby-mclester on Nov 27, 2015
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Gertrudis Bocanegra and Sor Juana de la Cruz: Literacy made way for women to

These sources give an overview of the life and significance of Gertrudis Bocanegra and Sor Juana de la Cruz. There willingness to break free from the typical domestic role of a women, by becoming literate during the Enlightenment Period. One aided as a spy for Hidalgo's army and was only able to do so by her literary competency and the other a break through writer who spent her life in a convent gaining as much knowledge as she could.

Gertrudis Bocanegra fought in the Mexica...

Gives an account of the role Gertrudis played in the War with her husband and family
Explains her education during the Enlightenment
Signifies her position in Hildalgo's army

The Juan O'Gorman Mural in Patzcuaro

The old convent of Augustine turned into a library dedicated to Gertrudis Bocanegro
The famous mural in Patzcuaro named "The history of Michochan"

History Database Search - Bocanegra, Gertrudis

A more in depth biography on Gertrudis and her background
The reasons for her joining Hidalgo's army
The latter years into her imprisonment and execution in 1817


The breakdown of Sor Juana's reply or Respuesta to the Sor Filotea on the reasons why women should be allowed to be educated and further pursue their knowledge.

U.S. Chicanas and Latinas Within a Global Context

A small excerpt on Gertrudis and her significance as a women during thr early 1800's

Lecture on Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

Works and Biography of Sor Juana