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Updated by Divine Johnson on Feb 12, 2015
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Art STages Resources

Here are some resources for the art stages that young children develop. The first thing
One who works with young children must know the different stages children go through in the development of art abilities. These stages are called "developmental levels." A developmental level is a guide to knowing what a child can do in art at different ages, but it is not a strict guideline.

*Mayesky, Neuman, Wlodkowski. DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF CHILDREN’S ART. Delmar Publishers. Retrieved from:
Stages of Art Page 5
At this stage, children also begin to see the connection between their movements and the marks they make. Before this time, children's scribbles were the result of the sheer pleasure of moving their arms and hands. Now children connect those motions to their art-work. Children may even begin to name their drawings at this stage.

*Genie Skinner. DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF ART. Retrieved from:
Drawing Development in Children
Timeline of drawing development in children from ages 2 through 16.

*Viktor Lowenfield, Betty Edwards. DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF CHILDREN'S ART. Susan K. Donley. Retrieved from:
Childrens Art
Art, Design and Psychology Introduction Children explore the world around them through intellectual, physical and emotional methods All these factors play a part in their art.

*Kellog, Rhoda. DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF ART. Analysing Children's Art. Retrieved from:
Earlychildhood NEWS - Article Reading Center
Earlychildhood NEWS is the online resource for teachers and parents of young children, infants to age 8. You will find articles about developmentally appropriate practice, child health, safety and behavior as well as links to teacher resources and networking opportunities.

*Earlychildhood NEWS. (2007).DEVELOPMENTAL SAGES OF ART. Retrieved from:
Development Stages in Art
In the scribbling (mark making) stage,Scribbling is the child's first artwork . babies that smear food are learning to scribble Pounding a crayon on paper is an early variation of scribbling. A child that can grab your finger is old enough to hold a crayon for scribbling.

*Marvin Bartel. DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF ART. (2010). Retrieved from:
Stages of Development
The stages of artistic development have been studied and named by many individuals; Viktor Lowenfeld, Marianne Kerlavage, and Judy Burton serving as leaders in the field. Although there are many...

*Stages of Artistic Development. Retrieved from:
My First Crayola™ Developmental Stages of Art
Every Creative Journey Begins with the First Steps Crayola believes that encouraging kids to express their thoughts at all ages is important. We help kids express their ideas and feelings with colorful tools made for little hands that transform a child's uniquely original thoughts into visible form.

*(2015) My First Crayola, DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF ART. Crayola.
Grade 1 " City of Lakes Waldorf School
Writing, Phonetic Introduction to Letters, Reading Approached through Writing, Speech and Drama, Quality of Numbers, All Four Math Processes, Nature Study, Folk Tales, Ancient Legends, Mandarin, Spanish, Knitting, Recorder, Singing, Movement and Games, Painting, Drawing and Modeling. First grade! Parents and children alike experience crossing an important threshold when a child makes the giant step from Kindergarten into "the grades."

*City of Lakes Waldorf School. DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF ART.
Children's Drawing Stages - 6 Things To Look For | Planning With Kids
Kids produce some wonderful artwork over the years. This short guide will help you identify and enjoy the different stages your kids go through with their artwork as they get older. It will also help you work out which are the must-keep pieces.

*Nicole Avery. (2010) Children's Drawing Stages. DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF ART.
Drawing development in children
Children's drawings become more realistic and emphasise real-life differences, for instance the distinctive features of grandmother and father. Now a picture may show a tall and lean human being wearing glasses, while another person is small and stocky with a cap on his or her head.

*Faber-Castell. (2010). Drawing Development in Children. DEVELOPMENTAL STAGS OF ART.
Kids' portraits an indicator of IQ
Parents might giggle about their offsprings' scrawled artworks but their creative efforts might have serious implications, the research suggests. The quality of the pictures is linked to the child's genetic make-up, the study by King's College, London, noted.

*Miranda Pyrnne. DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF ART. Times Media Group. Retrieved from:


Each of these stages refers to a combination of visual characteristics found in the art work of children. "Developmental-Stage" theory assumes that the stages occur in a sequential order. Little attempt has been made to relate these stages of growth in art directly to chronological age because so many factors contribute to the child's development in art.

*Salome R. A. and Moore, B. E. THE FIVE STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN’S ART. Retrieved from:
(2 to 4 years) The Scribble stage is made up of four sub-stages. (a) Disordered - uncontrolled markings that could be bold or light depending upon the personality of the child. At this age the child has little or no control over motor activity. (b) Longitudinal - controlled repetitions of motions.

*Viktor Lowenfield. (1947). CREATIVE AND MENTAL GROWTH. Macmillan Co. New York. Retrieved from:
Developmental Stages of Children's Drawings
These stages are taken from Bob Steel's Draw Me a Story: An Illustrated Exploration of Drawing-as-Language, ©1997. This stage is typical of children between 18 months and 3 years. Scribbles are random. Children are exploring art materials in a playful way. Scribbles move from uncontrolled to progressively more controlled.

*Bob Steel. (1997). An Illustrated Exploration of Drawing-as-Language. Worcester, MA. Early Childhood Central.