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Updated by Mar Vo on Oct 14, 2017
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Mar Vo Mar Vo
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2017 State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer

This list contains excerpts from published state regulation guides on feeding and/or baiting deer. Please note that if baiting or feeding is prohibited during the hunting season, it may be allowable to use Lucky Buck during the growth season starting in the spring and leading up to the fall hunting seasons. Regulations may be changed or revoked by your state at any time. It is your responsibility to check with your state government for an up-to-date interpretation. This information was last collected and updated in its entirety on *10-14-2017.

*Maryland, Michigan, and Utah have not been updated for 2017. This is temporary.

2

Alabama

Alabama

Despite what many have heard or seen on social media, the “Baiting Bill” did not pass this year. So, for the 2017-18 hunting season, the “Area Definition” is still in effect. Regulation 220-2-.157, “as it applies to the hunting of deer and feral swine, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that any bait or feed located beyond 100 yards from the hunter and not within the line of sight of the hunter, is not a lure, attraction, or enticement to, on, or over the area where the hunter is attempting to kill or take the deer or feral swine. “Not within the line of sight” means being hidden from view by natural vegetation or naturally occurring terrain features.” The area definition does not apply on public land or for any other game animal such as turkey. During turkey season, all feed must be removed or consumed at least 10 days prior to hunting.

Source
Phone: 334-242-3467

1

Arizona

Arizona

On National Wildlife Refuges - pits, permanent blinds and stands; trail or scouting cameras; and baiting are prohibited. (pg 96)
On Parashant National Monument - feeding or baiting of wildlife is prohibited. (pg 98)
Using edible or ingestible substances, other than water or salt/mineral products produced for the livestock industry, to aid in the taking of big game is unlawful. (pg 104)

Source
Phone: 602-942-3000

3

Arkansas

Arkansas

It is unlawful to feed wildlife within the CWD Management Zone, except:
-Bait may be used to hunt deer and elk on private land from Sept. 1-Dec. 31. (page 7)

Baiting is defined as the direct or indirect placing, exposing, depositing, distributing or scattering of salt, grain or other feed that could serve as a lure or an attraction for wildlife to, on or over any areas where hunters are attempting to take them. It is legal to feed wildlife, with these exceptions:
-Baiting is not allowed on wildlife management areas.
-Deer and elk may be hunted over bait in the CWD Management Zone from Sept. 1-Dec. 31 on private land only.
-An area is considered baited for 10 days following complete removal of the bait. (page 21)

Source
Phone: 800-440-1477

4

Colorado

Colorado

It is against the law to Hunt big game over bait, whether or not the person hunting personally placed the bait. Bait means to put, expose, distribute or scatter salt, minerals, grain, animal parts or other food as an attraction for big game. Salt or mineral blocks used for normal agricultural purposes are not considered bait. Scent sticks that smell like food are illegal for bears. (pg 17)
Source
Phone: 303-297-1192

5

Connecticut

Connecticut

DEER HUNTING PROHIBITED ACTIVITY: Taking or attempting to take any deer with the aid of real or artificial bait in Zones 1 to 10, or on state lands in Zones 11 and 12. (Any food, mineral, or chemical product designed to be eaten by deer is considered bait.) (pg 26)
Where baiting of deer is permitted, it is strongly recommended that individuals consult with landowners prior to placing bait. (pg 35)

Attractants allowed during the statewide deer hunting seasons.
• Deer decoys during the early and late archery seasons only.
• All types of scent attractants (i.e., doe in heat, buck lure, urine, tarsal glands, food smells, smoke pole) that provide no substance for deer
to consume.
• All types of sound attractants (i.e., doe calls, buck calls, antler rattling, electronic calls).
• Hunting over planted fields where normal agricultural planting, harvesting, or post-harvest manipulation is used. (pg 26)

In addition to the attractants listed above, the following are allowed ON PRIVATE LANDS ONLY in Deer Management Zones 11 and 12 during the archery, shotgun/rifle, and muzzleloader deer seasons.
• Minerals or chemicals that may be safely consumed by deer (i.e., salt lick)
• Artificial or natural foods placed, scattered, distributed or deposited (i.e., hay, grains, fruit, nuts–any foods that may be safely consumed
by deer) (pg 26)

Source
Phone: 860-424-3000

6

Delaware

Delaware

...bait may be used to hunt deer on privately-owned lands. (pg 12)
Source
Phone: 302-739-9912

7

Florida

Florida

Prohibited methods and equipment for taking game mammals and resident game birds:
-Placing, exposing or distributing soporific, anesthetic, tranquilizer, hypnotic or similar drugs or chemicals; preparation by baits; or by other means where game birds or game animals may be affected (pg 28)

Taking game on lands or waters upon which corn, wheat, grain, food or other substances have been deposited by means other than normal agricultural harvesting or planting is prohibited, except as noted below.
■ Non-migratory game may be hunted in proximity of year-round game-feeding stations on private lands, provided the feeding station has been maintained with feed for at least six months prior to taking game.
■ Wild turkey may not be taken if the hunter is less than 100 yards from a game feeding station when feed is present.
■ Placing, offering or allowing the placement of feed or garbage that is likely to create or creates a public nuisance by attracting bears is prohibited after receiving written notification
from the FWC. The intentional feeding of bears is prohibited. (pg 18)
Source
Phone: 850-488-4676 or 386-758-0525

8

Georgia

Georgia

BAITING
Bait: corn, wheat, other grains, salts, apples, and other feed that has been placed, exposed, deposited, distributed, or scattered so as to constitute a lure, attraction, or enticement to game
animals or game birds.
IT IS UNLAWFUL FOR ANY PERSON TO:
•Hunt any game animal (except as noted below) or game bird upon, over, around, or near bait.
•Hunt any area for a period of 10 days following complete removal of all bait.
•Hunt any big game or feral hog over bait or place bait on any State or Federal managed lands.
•Place bait in a manner that will cause hunting on an adjacent property to be prohibited.
Taking of any big game over bait is subject to a fine of $5,000 and/or imprisonment up to 12 months.
EXCEPTIONS FOR DEER (ZONE LIMITED):
•In Harris, Talbot, Taylor, Peach, Houston, Twiggs, Wilkinson, Washington, Jefferson and Burke Counties and all counties south of these, deer may be hunted over or near any bait on private lands provided the hunter has written permission from the landowner.
•In Troup, Meriwether, Upson, Crawford, Bibb, Jones, Baldwin, Hancock, Glascock, Warren, McDuffie and Richmond Counties and all counties north of these, it is unlawful to hunt deer within 200 yards or within line of sight of bait. (Pg 26)
Source
Phone: 912-685-2145

9

Idaho

Idaho

It is unlawful... To hunt any game animal/bird by means of baiting with grain, salt in any form (liquid or solid), or any other substance (not to include liquid scents) to constitute an attraction or enticement, with the exception of applicable rules for the black bear baiting permit. (pg 41)
Source
Phone: 208-334-3700

10

Illinois

Illinois

It is unlawful to make available food, salt, mineral blocks or other products for ingestion by wild deer or other wildlife in areas where wild deer are present at any time. Except:
• elevated bird/squirrel feeders providing seed, grain, fruit, worms or suet for birds or squirrels located within 100 feet of a dwelling devoted to human occupancy.
• incidental feeding of wildlife within active livestock operations.
• feeding of wild animals, other than wild deer, by hand as long as a reasonable attempt is made to clean up unconsumed food.
• feeders for wildlife other than deer so long as deer are excluded from the feed in and around
the feeder by fencing or other barriers.
• standing crops planted and left standing as food plots for wildlife.
• grain or other feed scattered or distributed solely as a result of normal agricultural, gardening or soil stabilization practices.
• standing, flooded or manipulated natural vegetation or food/seed deposited by natural vegetation.
• grain or other feed distributed or scattered solely as the result of manipulation of an agricultural crop or other feed on the land where grown, for purposes of dove hunting.
• food material placed for capturing or killing wildlife pursuant to 520 ILCS 5/2.37, 2.30, and 1.3.
• scientific permits issued pursuant to 17 Ill. Adm. Code 520 that allow food to attract wildlife.
• any other permits issued by DNR that require the attraction of wildlife for purposes of management, research or control. (pg 11)

Source
Phone: 217-782-6431

11

Indiana

Indiana

Bait definition: Food that is transported or placed for consumption, including but not limited to piles of corn and apples placed in the field; a prepared solid or liquid that is manufactured and intended for consumption by livestock or wild deer, such as commercial baits and food supplements; salt; or mineral supplements. (pg 6)

It is illegal to use bait, salt, snares, dogs or other domesticated animals to take deer. Bait is considered any product that is transported into a hunting area and placed there for animal consumption. Baits can be in the form of salt, mineral blocks, prepared solid or liquid, or piles of apples or other food that is intended for the animal to eat. An area is considered to be baited for 10 days after the removal of the bait and any affected soil. Dogs may be used while on a leash only to track or trail wounded deer. Artificial deer decoys are legal for deer hunting. (pg 22)

Source
Phone: 317-232-4080

12

Iowa

Iowa

You may not use dogs, domestic animals, bait, ...to hunt deer. ...Bait means grain, fruit, vegetables, nuts, hay, salt, mineral blocks, or any other natural food materials, commercial products containing natural food materials, or by-products of such materials transported to or placed in an area for the purpose of attracting wildlife. Bait does not include livestock feed placed during normal agricultural activities. (pg 30)

Source
Phone: 515-281-5918

13

Kansas

Kansas

It is legal to bait deer, turkey, and other non-migratory game animals on private lands. It is not legal to bait while hunting or preparing to hunt on department or WIHA lands. (pg 6)

Baiting, feeding, and concentrating deer is not advised. (pg 17)

See Kansas CWD map and other info on page 17.

Source
Phone: 785-296-2281

14

Kentucky

Kentucky

Baiting is prohibited on all WMAs, Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area, Daniel Boone National Forest, Jefferson National Forest, Land Between The Lakes and state parks open to hunting. (pg 9)

Wild turkey or bears shall not be hunted by the aid of bait, nor shall areas be hunted where bait is present. This includes private lands baited for deer. An area is considered baited for 30 days after all bait has been removed. A baited area is any place where feed, grains or
other substances capable of luring wild turkeys or bears have been placed. An area where grains or other feeds exist as the result of legitimate agricultural practices, or as the result of growing or manipulating a crop for wildlife management is legal for hunting.(pg 9-10)

Elk may not be hunted over bait on public or private lands within the elk zone. However, it is legal to hunt elk over bait outside the elk zone. (pg 16)

Source
Phone: 800-858-1549

15

Louisiana

Louisiana

Baiting, hunting over bait, or possession of bait is prohibited on all WMAs EXCEPT bait may be kept in a vehicle traversing a WMA road or parked on a WMA road. Bait is defined as any substance used to attract game via ingestion.(pg 66)

PROHIBITED ACTIVITY: Intentionally feeding, depositing, placing, distributing, exposing, scattering, or causing to be fed, deposited, placed, distributed, exposed, or scattered, raw sweet potatoes to wild game quadrupeds (pg 44)

Source
Phone: 318-371-3049

16

Maine

Maine

Baiting deer by placing salt or any other bait or food to entice deer or hunting from an observation stand or blind overlooking salt, grain, fruit, nuts or other foods known to be attractive to deer, during any open hunting season on deer is prohibited. (Does not apply to hunting from an observation stand or blind overlooking: standing crops; foods that have been left as a result of normal agricultural operations or as a result of natural occurrence; or bear bait that has been placed at a bear hunting stand or blind in accordance with bear baiting laws.)

Source
Phone: 207-287-8000

17

Maryland

Maryland

It is legal to bait deer except on Stateowned or State-controlled properties. (pg 8)
It is illegal to place bait for hunting on state lands. (pg 53)
It is illegal to bait for deer on the Liberty, Loch Raven, and Prettyboy Reservoirs. (pg 63)

There is a CWD Management Area defined as "including all of Allegany County and Harvest Management Unit 250 in western Washington County." (pg 24)

Source
Phone: 410-260-8367

18

Massachusetts

Massachusetts

BAITING OF DEER is prohibited during any deer season and any bait made available to deer must be removed 10 days prior to the opening of the first day of archery deer season. Bait includes any natural or artificial substance which may be ingested that is used to entice deer. (pg 38)

Source
Phone: 508-389-6326

19

Michigan

Michigan

Bait means a substance composed of grains, minerals, salt, fruits, vegetables, hay, or other food materials, which may lure, entice, or attract deer as an aid in hunting. Baiting is illegal in the core CWD area (DMU 333) and the CWD Management Zone (DMU 419), As well as DMUs 001, 004, 060, 068, and 452. In the rest of Michigan, the following rules apply:

  • Baiting may occur only from Sept. 15 - Jan. 1.
  • Bait volume at any hunting site cannot exceed two gallons.
  • Bait dispersal must be over a minimum 10-foot by 10-foot area.
  • Bait must be scattered directly on the ground. It can be scattered by any means, including mechanical spin-cast feeders, provided that the spin-cast feeder does not distribute more than the maximum volume allowed.
  • To minimize exposure of deer to diseases that may be present, the DNR recommends not placing bait or feed repeatedly at the same point on the ground, and only baiting when actively hunting.

Feed means a substance composed of grain, mineral, salt, fruit, vegetable, hay, or other food material, that may attract deer or elk for any reason other than hunting. Feeding of any kind is illegal in the core CWD area (DMU 333), the CWD management zone (DMU 419) and DMU 487. In the rest of Michigan, the following rules apply:

  • Feed volume at any residence cannot exceed two gallons.
  • Feed may be no more than 100 yards from a residence on land owned or possessed by that person.
  • Feed must be scattered on the ground. It can be scattered by any means, including mechanical spin-cast feeders, provided that the spin-cast feeder does not distribute more than the maximum volume allowed.
  • Feed must be at least 100 yards from any area accessible to cattle, goats, sheep, new world camelids, bison, swine, horses, or captive cervidae.

Source
Phone: 517-373-2329

20

Minnesota

Minnesota

Hunters are not allowed to take deer with the aid or use of bait. “Taking” includes attempting to take.
Definitions
• Bait—includes grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, hay, or other food that is capable of attracting or enticing deer and has been placed by a person.
• Baiting—means placing, exposing, depositing, distributing, or scattering bait that is capable of attracting or enticing deer.
What is bait? Liquid scents (example: doe in heat), sprays, salt, and minerals are not bait if they do not contain liquid or solid food products.
Read the ingredient label on all products prior to use. Many products, including newer liquid, powder and block forms, contain food or attractants such as grains, fruits, and sugar derivatives (glucose, dextrose, and fructose). If a salt or mineral product has anything other than salt or mineral in it, it is illegal to use for hunting.
A person otherwise in compliance with this section who is hunting on private or public property that is adjacent to the property where bait or food is present is not in violation if the person has not participated in, been involved with, or agreed to baiting or feeding wildlife on the adjacent property.
Removal of bait—All bait must be completely removed for 10 days prior to hunting. (pg 72)

A person may not prevent or disrupt another person from taking or preparing to take a wild animal. A person may not disturb wild animals with the intent to prevent or disrupt another person from hunting. Placing bait for the purpose of preventing or disrupting another person from lawfully hunting deer would be considered unlawful under the hunter harassment laws. (pg 29)

Source
Phone: 888-646-6367

21

Mississippi

Mississippi

Hunting on National Forests in MS: Baiting and hunting over baited areas to attract wildlife is not allowed on national forest lands. No food plots may be placed on national forest land except by official personnel. (pg 30)

General Hunting Regulations: It is illegal to hunt any wild animal or wild bird with the aid of live decoys or bait. Liquid scents may be used. (pg 34)

Source
Phone: 601-432-2400

22

Missouri

Missouri

Migratory birds, turkey, and deer may not be hunted with the aid of bait. An area is considered baited for 10 days following complete removal of the bait. It is legal, however, to hunt over food plots (pg 13)

Source
Phone: 573-751-4115

23

Montana

Montana

It is illegal for anyone to hunt or attempt to hunt by the aid of or with the use of any bait, salt lick,
trap, snare or set gun.
Baiting shall mean the placing, exposing, depositing, distributing, or scattering of food sources or salt so as to constitute a lure or attraction. (pg 15)
Source
Phone: 406-444-2452

24

Nebraska

Nebraska

It is illegal to establish a baited area from 10 days before the opening of any big game or turkey season and throughout those entire seasons for the purposes of taking big game or turkey. An area within 200 yards of bait is considered baited for 10 days following the removal of all bait. The hunter and the animal must be outside of a baited area. (pg 46)
Source
Phone: 402-471-5442

25

Nevada

Nevada

A person may not bait big game mammals for the purpose of hunting; or knowingly hunt big game mammals that were baited by another person. Bait means the intentional placing, exposing, depositing, disturbing or scattering of salt, minerals, grain or any other food material, whether natural or manufactured, that could attract, entice or lure wildlife to an area. (pg 12)
Source
Phone: 775-688-1500