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Updated by enhlercolvelle on May 13, 2024
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Holey grail, we’re having Bac and Cheese: Propionibacterium and the Flavorful World of Swiss Cheese

Discover the magic of Propionibacterium freudenreichii, the unsung hero behind those iconic holes, as we explore the flavorful secrets of Swiss cheese. From its distinctive taste to the science of its signature 'eyes', this article unveils the fascinating role of bacteria in crafting one of the world's most beloved cheeses.


Swiss Bliss

Swiss Bliss

Behold the iconic Swiss cheese, known for its nutty flavor and distinctive 'eyes'. Each hole tells a story of the fermentation magic by Propionibacterium freudenreichii, giving Swiss cheese its unique taste and texture.

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This article discusses the importance of Propionibacterium freudenreichii in the production of Swiss-type cheeses. It highlights its role in flavor development, gas production (which leads to the characteristic holes in Swiss cheese), and its potential health benefits.




Swiss cheese production involves several steps, including:

  • Milk Pasteurization
  • Inoculation with starter cultures, including Propionibacterium freudenreichii
  • Addition of rennet to coagulate the milk
  • Cutting and cooking the curd
  • Pressing the curd into molds
  • Aging, which includes the development of the characteristic holes (eyes) due to the activity of Propionibacterium freudenreichii.
Website at http://10.1186/s12864-017-4165-9

This article delves into the genetic and functional aspects of_ Propionibacterium freudenreichii_. It discusses how its adaptations and evolution have influenced its role in cheese production, its ability to thrive in specific environments, and its metabolic pathways.

Website at http://10.18632/oncotarget.27319

This article explores the potential of P. freudenreichii as a probiotic for functional foods. It discusses its probiotic properties, including its ability to produce beneficial compounds, its impact on gut health, and its safety profile.


Propionibacterium freudenreichii: a key component of Swiss-type cheeses

Propionibacterium freudenreichii: a key component of Swiss-type cheeses

This bacterium plays a crucial role during the fermentation process of Swiss cheese. As the cheese ages, P. freudenreichii consumes lactic acid, producing carbon dioxide gas and propionic acid. The carbon dioxide creates the characteristic holes, while the propionic acid contributes to the cheese's nutty flavor. Through its metabolic activity, this bacterium transforms the cheese's texture and taste, turning it into the beloved Swiss cheese we know and love.