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Updated by Kajal Panda on Jan 11, 2022
Kajal Panda Kajal Panda
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Chemistry for Beginners

Basic chemistry topics on transition metals, spectroscopy, and other parts of chemistry for beginners who study in different schools and colleges, and universities. These chemistry materials help the student and researchers in their work. All these topics are first published on

Tantalum - Metal, Symbol, Properties, Facts, Uses, Compounds

Tantalum metal or element symbol, properties, facts, uses, compounds and position on the periodic table. Isotopes, discovery and production of tantalum

Transition Metals - Elements, Definition, List, Properties

Transition metals or d-block elements series on periodic table definition, list, names, symbol, properties, electronic configuration, catalytic activity

Niobium - Element, Symbol, Facts, Properties, Uses

Niobium (Nb) is a chemical element or crystalline transition metal of Group 5 (VB) of the periodic table used for making stainless steel and other alloys

Hafnium - Facts, Symbol, Discovery, Isotopes, Properties, Uses

Hafnium chemical element or metal symbol, facts, discovery and position on the periodic table, isotopes, properties, uses, oxide and halide compounds of Hf

Zirconium - Metal, Symbol, Properties, Facts, Compounds, Uses

Zirconium metal or element symbol, properties, facts, compounds, uses and position on the periodic table. Isotopes, production and oxide, halides of Zr

Molybdenum - Metal, Symbol, Properties, Sources, Uses

Molybdenum metal or chemical element discovery, properties, sources, compounds and position on the periodic table, production uses and biological function


Tungsten metal on the periodic table

Tungsten metal on the periodic table

Tungsten, or wolfram is a chemical element or transition that has the symbol W and the atomic number 74. It is the strong, silvery transition metal of Group 6 (VIB) of the periodic table, used for making steel and lamp filaments due to its hardness. The natural occurrence of tungsten is very rare. It combined with other elements or metal to form chemical compounds. It was discovered in 1781 and first isolated in 1783. It is a nonreactive chemical element and does not react with water. The metal reacts with acid and bases on worm condition only. The most common formal oxidation state of tungsten is +6. It shows all oxidation states from −2 to +6...more about Tungsten metal

Palladium - Element, Properties, Uses, Facts, Compounds

Palladium chemical element or metal properties, discovery, isotopes, production, facts, uses and found in periodic table, oxide and chloride compounds of Pd

Platinum - Metal, Symbol, History, Properties, Uses, Production

Platinum metal or chemical element symbol, history, properties and found in periodic table, uses, facts, chloride, hexafluoride and complex compounds of Pt

Germanium - Facts, Element, Properties, Isotopes, Uses

Germanium facts, element, properties, isotopes, uses and found on periodic table, production and tetrafluoride, tetrachloride, oxide compounds of germanium

Lead - Properties, Metal, Symbol, Extraction, Facts, Uses

Lead properties, metal, symbol, extraction, facts, uses and found on the periodic table. Isotopes and halides, oxide, carbonate, acetate compounds of Pb

Wavelength - Calculation, Formula, Symbol

Wavelength calculation or measurement, symbol, formula to measured uv visible light or sound waves, unit and conversion of frequency to energy

Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy - Instrumentation, Flame, Principle

Atomic absorption spectroscopy instrumentation, flame, principle, atomization, hollow cathode lamp, monochromator, detector in AAS instrument

Phenolphthalein - Indicator, Solution, Uses

Phenolphthalein indicator solution uses in acid base titration at different ph range, synthesis. properties of indicators phenolphthalein powder

Folic acid (Folate) - Structure, Uses, Side Effects

Folic acid structure, uses of folate or vitamin B9 in anemia, requirement or benefit of folic acid in pregnancy, deficiency dose, side effects

Chromatography - Techniques, Definition, Principle, Types

Chromatography techniques, principle, stationary and mobile (liquid gas) phase definition, types of chromatographic analysis technique, method

Biology Quiz on Cells - Questions and Answers

Biology quiz on cells or practice test contains 10 questions answers on structure and function of cell for 9, 10, 11, 12 grade or class biology students

Mercury - Facts, Element, Uses, Properties

Mercury facts, uses, properties, found on periodic table, Poisoning or toxic effects of metal on environment, oxide, sulfide, chloride of Hg

Methanol - Formula, Structure, Properties, Uses, Production

Methanol or methyl alcohol formula, structure, chemical properties, facts, uses for manufacture of chemicals and production from synthesis gas and methane

Column Chromatography - Procedure, Separation

Column chromatography procedure, solvent selection, adsorbent, packing, and separation or purification of protein by affinity chromatography

Energy Types - Learning Chemistry

Energy types or forms such as chemical, electrical, radiant, mechanical, thermal and nuclear, different nonrenewable and renewable types sources of energy

Thin Layer Chromatography - Principle

Thin layer chromatography principle, method, instrumentation and experiment on amino acids, applications of TCL technique on sample analysis

Supercritical Fluid Chromatography - Instrumentation, Applications

Supercritical fluid chromatography instrumentation, applications and principle of separation, pressure regulator, SFC column, phase, detector

Gas Chromatography - Definition, Instrumentation, Applications

Gas chromatography definition, instrumentation, applications, work, principle and advantages, GC analysis column, detector, stationary phase

Protein - Definition, Classification, Structure

Protein definition, classification of proteins like simple, conjugated, derived class, structure of proteins like primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary