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Headline for The Fight for Women’s Suffrage in Texas from 1893-1919
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The Fight for Women’s Suffrage in Texas from 1893-1919

This is a link to both primary and secondary sources regarding the Women's Suffrage movement in Texas from the foundation of the Texas Equal Rights Association (TERA) to the year when Texas ratified the 19th Amendment, becoming the 9th American state to give women the right to vote.

The Woman Suffrage Movement in Texas - Institute for Women's Leadership - Texas Woman's University

This article by the Texas Women's University gives a complete overview and important events timeline of the Women's Suffrage movement in Texas, from the Seneca Falls Convention in New York (1848) up until the Secretary of State certified ratification of the 19th Amendment in August 1920.

Title:A Texas Suffragist : Diaries and Writings of Jane Y. McCallum

First-hand, daily diary writings from one of the leading Texas Suffragists in the early 20th century. Part 3, "Winning the Vote," is the most important part in McCallum's inspiring chronicle, talking about the daily struggles of attempting to win people's vote and shedding light on the important Progressive causes that Suffragettes supported at the time.

Woman Suffrage: Bibliography and Selected Arguments - Google Books

A bibliography posted by the University of Texas in 1912, including many first-hand arguments both for and against women's suffrage during the peak of the movement. Also includes 9 pages of sources at the beginning which could provide other key insights to the movement and its opposition.

Texas Women and the Right to Vote

Great secondary source giving a brief overview of the Texas women's suffrage movement as a whole. Especially detailed when talking about how the women's suffrage movement was started, what steps that they had to take to try and persuade voters, and Governor William P. Hobby's efforts in supporting the cause state-wide. Also includes the primary sources:

  • Letter to Erminia T. Folsom from C.B. Randell, November 25, 1910
  • "Woman's Rights in Texas" song lyrics, about 1917. Erminia Thompson Folsom papers
  • Travis County Women Register to Vote, 1918 (picture)
  • Suffrage map, Austin Woman Suffrage Association, about 1913 (pictured above)
  • 19th Amendment, Senate Joint Resolution 1, 36th Texas Legislature, 2nd Called Session, ratified June 28, 1919.
  • "Do Such Acts of Fergusonism Assure Your Home, Your Sister and Your Friends Safety." -"Texas Women Cannot Forget Minnie Fisher Cunningham" flyer, about 1928.
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Major Problems in Texas History- "Texas Suffrage Organizer Jane Y. McCallum Describes the Impeachment Rally Against J...

Major Problems in Texas History- "Texas Suffrage Organizer Jane Y. McCallum Describes the Impeachment Rally Against J...

Leading Texas Suffragist and author Jane McCallum describes in glee the impeachment rally held against James Ferguson in 1917. Not only does this represent the increasing role of women in Texan, and even American politics, but it also represents a major turning point in the statewide women's suffrage movement. James Ferguson, Texas governor from 1915-1917, was impeached shortly after this rally and barred from holding further Texas office- a major victory, as he had been deemed the "implacable foe of woman suffrage and of every great moral issue for which women stood" (Austin History Center). Major strides would be made after William P. Hobby is elected governor. This article also ties the women's movement in general to the Farmers' Alliance.

Austin History Center. Primary Suffrage in Texas. library.austintexas.gov/ahc/primary-suffrage-texas-353750.

The Battle Lost and Won

Amazing 4-page secondary source that goes into great detail about the women's suffrage movement from the impeachment of James Ferguson, to the Great War and the National Women's Party's involvement, the movement for Primary suffrage, the efforts to persuade voters, and finally, the passage of the 19th Amendment. Also profiles leading women activists and suffragists in Texas such as Jane Y. McCallum, Annie Webb Blanton, and Jessie Daniel Ames. Includes additional primary sources, such as pro-suffrage flyers, a questionnaire sent to Texas congressmen, an anti-suffrage postcard, and a dissenting poem written by Representative Jacob McComb.