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Updated by Jordan Ashford on Nov 20, 2019
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Why did the South Seceded From the Union

10 helpful tools that students will need to find the true reasons why did the South Seceded From the Union for Sophomores in high school.

U.S. Presidential Election of 1860 | Candidates & Results |

Description: U.S. presidential election of 1860, American election in which Republican Abraham Lincoln defeated Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas, and Constitutional Union candidate John Bell. After Lincoln’s election seven Southern states seceded, setting the stage for the American Civil War.
Rationale: I think this is important for my students because it will give them a background of how the Election of 1860 set up civil distrust. A perfect map to illustrate the times!

Why Did The South Secede?

Description: Why did the South secede from the United States in the American Civil War? The video states certain reasons for southern states seceded from the Union following the election of Abraham Lincoln.
Rationale: Students need to understand that his winning of the election, is a key reason why many wanted to leave in Union.

These Maps Reveal How Slavery Expanded Across the United States

Description: As the hunger for more farmland stretched west, so too did the demand for enslaved labor. This image is an depiction of how the slavery was starting to spread across the States into new Territories.
Rationale: This will help students now understand how prevalent the spread of slavery was, through looking at the map, where the dark areas have a higher population of slavery.

OPB American History Interactive: Thesis

Description: Using the provided primary source materials as evidence, you will consider four different hypotheses about the causes of the Civil War. The relative importance of these arguments remains a hotly debated issue among historians, so do not assume that one clear answer exists.
Rationale: This an interactive lesson that will teach students to know why the South secede and what happened because of it- the begin of the war.

The Ten Causes Of The War Between The States

Description: The Ten Causes Of The War Between The States by James W. King and Lt. Col Thomas M. Nelson.
Rationale: This website gives 10 causes of the War. Giving the students a "number" to analyze all of the events of this time and limit them to only 10 helps the students.

Grubb-H-Perod 7 - by Hayden Grubb [Infographic]

Description: Slavery helped start the civil war through the Compromise of 1820, Fugitive slave law, and the Kansas Nebraska Act. The Fugitive slave law changed everything. Slaves are thought more like property everywhere they went.
Rationale: This allow gives my students back knowledge of how ruthless slavery was.

Before the Civil War free blacks in Louisiana had many of their rights restricted by whites. Free... | TV Aerials She...

Description: Before the Civil War free blacks in Louisiana had many of their rights restricted by whites. This depict some of their rights.
Rationale: I think that this is good information for students to analyze as they learned much information about pre-civil war era.

Cornell Creates a Database of Fugitive Slave Ads, Telling the Story of Those Who Resisted Slavery in 18th & 19th Cent...

Description: While the value of slaves in the U.S. from the colonial period to the Civil War rose and fell like other market goods, for the most part, enslaved people constituted the most valuable kind of property, typically worth even more than land and other highly valued resources. In one study, three University of Kansas historians estimate that during most of the 18th century in South Carolina, slaves “made up close to half of the personal wealth recorded in probate inventory in most decades.” By the 19th century, slaveholders had begun taking out insurance policies on their slaves as Rachel L. Swarns documents at The New York Times.

Rationale: This allow gives a good reasoning for students to know and understand of the rationale for the South to be made about their slaves.

Website at

Description: This is a Civil War Podcast that talks about before the war started and how did lines and people of the states decide what was proper to them.
Rationale: This podcast and the one that follow give great information to students by Civil War Historians to see the implications of the War and listen to commentary of it.

The Supreme Court Case That Led to The Civil War | Dred Scott v. Sandford

Description: This is about the Dred Scott Case that changes many views of slavery in the North.
Rationale: Great video for students to see and learn more about slavery before the war.