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Updated by Marianna Ricketson on Feb 09, 2018
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Technology Integration Models

SAMR and TPACK models for how technology is integrated after initial adoption phase.

Using SAMR To Teach Above The Line

Read the entire post on The SAMR model is a useful tool for helping teachers think about their own tech use as they begin to make small shifts in the design and implementation of technology driven learning experiences t...

SAMR in 120 Seconds

This is a quick introduction to the SAMR Model, developed by Dr. Ruben Puentedura. It is not meant to be an in-depth view of the model. For more information, visit

Apps classified by SAMR model

Poster of Apps classified by SAMR model

Substitution - Augmentation - Modification - Redefinition
Ruben R. Puentedura, Ph.D defines these levels of technology integration.

The SAMR Model

One of the goals of technology integration should be to move from using technology as an add-on or enhancement to using it as an integral and transformative force. Ideally, we would like to create new learning experiences that harness the power of transformative technology, that is technology that allows students to do things that were previously impossible.

Transformation, Technology, and Education

A screencast of a presentation in Maine by Dr. Ruben Pentedura.

Part 1: A Model for Technology and Tranformation (19:50 mins duration)
Part 2: Why Transformation is Needed (10:39 mins duration)
Part 3: Transformation and Education (14:21 mins duration)

TPACK in 3 Minutes - YouTube

TPACK (or Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge) is a framework for understanding technology integration for education.

SAMR - A Model for Instructional Technology Use - YouTube

The SAMR model helps us to think about how we are using technology - at which level we are implementing it. It's really important for us to think about whether we are using the technology for substitution or if we are really creating things that weren't possible before. Watch this video for a brief (15 minute) overview of this model.

SAMR model

Purposeful use of educational technology

Technology Integration Matrix

The Technology Integration Matrix (TIM) illustrates how teachers can use technology to enhance learning for K-12 students. The TIM incorporates five interdependent characteristics of meaningful learning environments: active, constructive, goal directed (i.e., reflective), authentic, and collaborative (Jonassen, Howland, Moore, & Marra, 2003).

How Teachers Can Best Use Education Technology - Edudemic

Teachers need to be able to understand how to embed technology into what they do. But you can’t do this unless you’re already a good teacher. The technological side of it only comes into to play if you already knew how to balance pedagogical knowledge with content (subject) knowledge. Only then can you understand how best to integrate an iPad into a classroom.

iPurpose before iPad

The two above images are good examples of purposeful thinking about iPad usage in schools. One, a screenshot of an oft-used tool known as iPad As.. by, focuses on what the iPad can be used for and provides links to various apps that can be utilised for those functions.

An Interesting Chart on The Difference Between Projects and Project Based Learning ~ Educational Technology and Mobil...

Project based learning is " an instructional approach built upon authentic learning activities that engage student interest and motivation. These activities are designed to answer a question or solve a problem and generally reflect the types of learning and work people do in the everyday world outside the classroom."

New Padagogy Wheel Helps You Integrate Technology Using SAMR Model - Edudemic

Sometimes a visual guide comes along and it just makes total sense. That's how I felt about Allan Carrington's clever ' Padagogy Wheel' which we featured on Edudemic last week. Check out the previous version then view the one below to see the differences.

SAMR: Augmenting your Creativity and Amplifying your Curiosity

Flash Alert - the following post does not include a Thinglink example ( as 6 of the 8 last posts did) *** While there has been a bit of question as to the effectiveness of SAMR, a shift to move beyond SAMR, and a few proposed changes to the structure of the model floating around online, I have to say that hearing Dr. Ruben Puentedura ( you may know him as the father of SAMR) speak at iPad Summit a few weeks ago still felt like a rare app-ortunity and a truly inspiring treat.

S.A.S.S.Y. SAMR: Toolkit for Educators to Transform Instruction

TCEA is upon us and clearly SAMR is a hot topic. I had the pleasure to meet the father of the SAMR model ( check out recaps of his sessions HERE), Dr. Ruben Puentedura ***, last year at iPad Summit and have spent the past few months digesting, research, and curating SAMR resources for teachers.