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Updated by Joanna James on Jun 23, 2019
Headline for List of practices to follow in order to maintain good eyesight – protect your eyes and enjoy a long happy life.
Joanna James Joanna James
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List of practices to follow in order to maintain good eyesight – protect your eyes and enjoy a long happy life.

Protecting your eyesight is vital to maintaining a good quality of life, especially as you grow older. To preserve healthy eyes, here are a few things you can do to ensure good sight over the years.


Be aware of your family history

Do you know your family's health history? If you don't then it's time to start asking questions. If high blood pressure or diabetes runs in your family, then you are at greater risk for an eye disease that could ruin your sight. By staying aware of your family's history, you and your optometrist are better prepared for any disease that might affect your eyes and can treat it much earlier before it damages your sight irrevocably.


Look for warning signs

If you start noticing sudden changes in your vision, it's time to see an optometrist immediately. Some troubling signs to watch out for are blurry vision, double vision, frequent flashes of light, eye pain, floaters and swelling around the eye. In addition, get checked frequently for high-blood pressure and diabetes. People with diabetes are more likely to get diabetes-related eye problems such as vision loss from eye strokes, diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration.


Always wear sunglasses

When outdoors during the day, always wear good sunglasses that shield your eyes from Ultraviolet light. Protecting your eyes from the harmful effects of UV light can reduce your risk of diseases like cataracts and other eye problems. If you wear spectacles, then get a pair of prescription sunglasses or tinted lenses that can be attached to your spectacles.


Eat a balanced diet and exercise

Studies have proven that eating a healthy diet can reduce the risk of many eye diseases. Antioxidants obtained from fruits and leafy greens have been proven to reduce the danger of cataracts. Vitamin A is well-known as an essential vitamin for eye care and can be found in several fruits, vegetables and leafy greens. Eating fish rich in omega-3 fats can also reduce macular degeneration. If you think your diet is not balanced enough, consider taking supplements to make sure you are getting the right amount of nutrition for healthy eyesight. Regular exercise – such as walking, or jogging can also reduce the risk of macular degeneration by up to 70% if done on a daily basis.


Get your eyes checked

Get your eyes examined every two years to determine your risk for any eye diseases which have no early warning signs. If you wear spectacles, then visit an eye care centre like Vision Care Optical Services, for example, one of several opticians in Sri Lanka, where an ophthalmologist will test your eyes to make sure your spectacles are the correct strength.


Don't smoke

We all know smoking is bad for your lungs, but did you know it can also adversely affect your sight? When it comes to eye care, people who smoke are at a greater risk of developing age-related diseases such as cataracts, macular degeneration and other eye problems.

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