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Updated by Kelvin Cave on Mar 14, 2013
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Kelvin Cave Kelvin Cave
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Different Types of Grain

There exists a variety of different types of grain. This list features the main types, with a brief explanation of each.

1

Barley

Barley

Barley - This is one of the oldest cultivated grains and is quite adaptable. It grows north of the arctic circle and goes as far south as Ethiopia. Barley is full of fibre and is healthy for you. When removing Barley it can prove quite difficult and sometimes you can lose some of the Bran. Lightly pearled bran is not technically classed as a whole grain as some of the bran is not there however it is still healthy for you.

2

Farro or Emmer

Farro or Emmer

Farro or Emmer - is an old strain of wheat and is one of the first cereals made domesticated. More people these days use durum wheat instead of Emmer, however in Italy it's making a comeback for dishes all over the country and Ethiopia emmer is still commonly used.

3

Spelt

Spelt

Spelt - This is a variety of wheat which was used widely until mechanical harvesting left it forgotten and other more popular wheats were used. However Spelt has a very high level of protein in it. It is rich and nourishing and very good for you.

4

Wheat

Wheat

Wheat - Wheat itself is the most popular of the grains and is widely used. There are two main types durum wheat which is used for pasta and bread wheat which is used for most other wheat foods. Hard wheat, used for bread, has a lot more protein in it and the stretchy gluten which helps bread rise, whereas soft wheat is lower in protein and used for wheat flour.

5

Grano

Grano

Grano - This is traditionally used in Italy. It is a healthy choice of grain but again isn't technically a whole grain as it is missing some of the bran. Grano is mastered by using durum wheat kernels which are lightly polished. The bran is missing because the hard outer casing needs to be removed for cooking purposes.

6

Rye

Rye

Rye - This is a perfect grain for feeling full quickly, so can be beneficial for those trying to lose some weight. Rye was known as a weed but with its ability to grow in areas too cold or wet for other grains, it has actually earned respect. Always look for whole rye then you know you will get whole grain.

7

Corn

Corn

Corn - This is a popular grain and you will find it in many food like tortilla wraps, popcorn and of course fresh corn on the cob. Some people believe that corn is not nutritious however this is being reviewed. When eaten with beans it can provide a mix of amino acids that will raise the protein value for humans. Always look to make sure you are getting the exact product and avoid labels with de-germinated on and look for whole corn instead.