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Updated by Joanna James on Jun 23, 2019
Headline for Best Practices for Eye Health – Guidelines for Maintaining Healthy Eyes
Joanna James Joanna James
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Best Practices for Eye Health – Guidelines for Maintaining Healthy Eyes

Our eyes are one of our most important organs and therefore it is very important to take good care of them. By adhering to the following practices you will be able to keep your eyes in optimum condition.


Eat healthily

Eating well will be an excellent way to contribute to healthy eyes. Nutrients such as lutein, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins C and E as well as zinc may contribute to preventing vision issues related to age, such as cataracts and macular degeneration. To obtain these vital nutrients, consume plenty of leafy green vegetables (such as kale, spinach and collards), oily fish like tuna and salmon, nuts, eggs, beans, citrus fruits, pork and oysters. A healthy diet will also ward off obesity and associated conditions such as type 2 diabetes, a disease that can cause blindness.


Stop smoking

The practice of smoking increases the likelihood of getting cataracts, macular degeneration and damaging the optic nerve. Therefore it is very advisable to quit smoking in order to enhance eye health. Even if you have attempted and failed in stopping smoking previously, try again as you are more likely to succeed after attempting to do so again.


Don sunglasses

A good pair of sunglasses will assist you to safeguard your eyes by blocking the ultraviolet rays emitted by the sun. These rays can boost the chances of developing macular degeneration and cataracts. Wraparound sunglasses will also shield your eyes from each side. There are also types of contact lenses that provide UV protection.


Use protective eyewear

Those who deal with airborne or hazardous materials at home or on the job should definitely take the precaution of wearing safety goggles or protective glasses. Further, some sports such as racquetball, lacrosse and ice hockey may also result in injury to the eyes. Goggles with protective lenses and helmets featuring face masks will help you in safeguarding the eyes during sports.


Visit your eye specialist regularly

All of us need regularly conducted eye tests, even small children. By undertaking these exams you will be able to safeguard your vision and optimize your eyesight. Eye exams will also be able to detect diseases such as glaucoma which does not provide early symptoms. Depending on your individual needs you may require the services of either of two kinds of eye specialists; namely optometrists and ophthalmologists. A complete eye exam may include vision tests in order to determine whether you are farsighted, nearsighted or have presbyopia or astigmatism; tests to determine how your eyes operate together; tests of the optic nerve and eye pressure; and microscopic eye examination. Such tests will help in the prevention or early detection of eye diseases. In Sri Lanka, when it comes to such eye examinations a choice of specialist to consider would be Vision Care Optical Services.


Look away periodically from the computer screen

Looking for long periods at a computer screen or mobile phone may cause problems such as blurry vision, eyestrain, dry eyes, trouble focusing, neck, shoulder and back pain and headaches. In order to safeguard your eyes, you can choose to take a number of precautions. Ensure that your eyeglasses or contact lenses are according to up-to-date prescriptions and suitable for working with a computer screen. A persistent eye strain may mean that you require computer glasses. You should also minimize glare from lights and windows. It may also help to adjust the monitor so that its top is at a level with your eyes, enabling you to look down slightly at the computer screen. After every 20 minutes looking at the screen give your eyes a rest by looking at an object some distance away for about 20 seconds; also take 15 minutes off after 2 hours at work.

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