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Updated by meleary on Oct 24, 2018
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Matthew Leary's Literacy Resources

Hi I am Matthew Leary and I am a Ball State University student. I am currently working on my undergraduate degree in Science Ed and this list is composed of resources to help me improve my literacy


1. Comprehension Strategies

Comprehension Strategies 1: Strategies for Middle Schools

Developing literacy is a process and like all process it comes in steps. Educators need to start early to develop strong literacy, middle school educators can develop these processes in preparation for high school by walking students through these 7 habits to identifying the "So What?" and meaning of the reading material. These steps are interchangeable and can be redone at any step in the reading.

Comprehension Strategies 2: Strategies for Reading Comprehension

To improve comprehension students must learn the strategies to model, practice, and critically contemplate materials. This involves dissecting the reading into various parts: visualizing materials, asking questions about the text, inferring meaning, and making predictions. This article outlines these steps as well as other strategies to improve student comprehension.


Comprehnsion Strategies 3: Anchor Charts

Comprehnsion Strategies 3: Anchor Charts

An anchor chart is a tool in education that "anchors" students to a concept and can be altered to best suite the student's needs. As displayed by the image above, an anchor chart can take many shapes but the most distinct characteristic of an anchor chart is using a definition, an example, or outlining a key concept.

Comprehension Strategies 4: Seven Strategies

AdLit outlines seven key points to target when educating students: monitoring student progress, metacognition, graphic organizers, answering questions, generating questions, recognizing structure, generating questions, and summarizing reading. Integrating these strategies into our material at various degrees and times, especially metacognition, will help our students better subconsciously understand the material.


2. Vocabulary


Vocabulary 1: Frayer Model

Vocabulary 1: Frayer Model

The Frayer Model is an essential tool for demystifying scientific vocabulary. By taking difficult terms and applying them to the model by defining the term, identifying synonyms, using it in a sentence, and drawing it students can attach meaning to the word. It must be used appropriately though, dependence on the model for every term only eliminates the value of the model. By applying to closely related terms such as Mitosis and Meiosis, however, students can better distinguish concepts.


Vocabulary 2:Responisve vs Explicit

Vocabulary 2:Responisve vs Explicit

This article touches on the importance of utilizing responsive teaching and explicit instruction when defining vocabulary. Explicitly defining the terms functions and combining it with a responsive program to reinforce terms.


Vocabulary 3: Gammifying the vocabulary

Adding games to a vocabulary lesson adds intrigue and relatability to the lesson. It also makes terms fun to learn!

Vocabulary 4: NEA Spelling and Vocabulary

NEA outlines several materials that teachers can integrate to teach vocabulary to students. These include: Crosswords, Go-Fish, quizzes, and outside resources.


3. Struggling Readers

Struggling Readers 1: Teaching Struggling Readers

Struggling Readers make up roughly 40% of our 8th grade school population in 2011. To educate students who are struggling we have to utilize diction, Top Down Teaching, and teaching the students the sounds, meanings, and sentences in the books as the auditory method of reading is speaking. The skills of speaking and reading are intertwined, so it is vital to provide student with a strong foundation in reading

Struggling Readers 2: 10 things to know about reading

Reading is vital to communication and literacy skills, strong readers have better success in higher education and in the educated workforce. Despite this, a large margin of readers struggle to meet the basic level of reading. This webpage talks about important issues and actions that educators and parents can take to improve reading by getting students involved early, with strong goals, and guidance from peers.


Struggling Readers 3: KWL Chart

Struggling Readers 3: KWL Chart

A KWL chart allows students to dig deep into the reading material they are given. Throughout the reading they can keep track of their knowledge base and discover the deeper meaning through picking apart the knowledge presented in the reading.

Struggling Readers 4: Helping Struggling students through one-on-one instruction

This video discusses how one-on-one instruction with struggling students provides a foundation for reading, which is important as teaching literacy to a large group of students skews our focus when it comes to reinforcing strong reading habits. By pouring our energy into one-on-one instruction we can deeply dive into the poor habits and strengthen our student's literacy.


4. Accessible Text

Accessible Texts 1: Content Literacy 101

To provide students with a better and easier method of understanding materials an educator must understand what accessible texts as well as what kind of materials to integrate . These texts can range from pictures to almanacs and must be integrated in a way that addresses student needs in the curriculum. If they are falling back in a field then the educator can utilize a text to help improve their knowledge base of that subject.

Accessible Texts 2: A few tips on accessible text

Sometimes providing students with an accessible text does not mean that they will be able to use it. Links especially are grey areas when it comes to being able to be used by students, so learning how to identify, use, and create a text that is accessible to all students of varying backgrounds is important to educating them to their fullest potential.

Accessible Texts 3: Accessible images

Accessible images on websites are key to academic accessibility, pictures can provide students with material to understand when a wall of text is too much for them. This scientific analysis paper looks at the importance of images, how to integrate them, and how students can best benefit from them.

Accessible Text 4: Text to Speech

We discuss a lot about accessible texts, but sometimes too little on what makes them so accessible. This website discusses and provides a text to speech reader that allows for students who are visually impaired to still utilize the texts but in an accessible and easy to use manner.


5. Assessment

Assessment 1: 5 types of literacy assessment

The reading touches on concepts relating to literacy assessment, it lists different kinds of assessments, assessment procedure, and effective teaching. It touches on formal and informal assessment materials that allows for effective learning and assessment structure.

On Page 10 of this paper it discusses a method of evaluation through the 5E model, which asks the educator to develop a form of assessment relating to the topic. The model typically takes shape in a student lead experiment or presentation. This article displays examples of necessary material and integration that works well, especially for a science classroom.

Assessment 3: Assessment Literacy

This video previews the knowledge base of this link in which Sherry Betcher outlines and defines assessment literacy for educators. The link acts as a resource which contains educator support, guidelines, and resources for educators assessing student literacy.

Assessment 4: Assessment Literacy | IDOE

Assessment literacy is a skill that should be prevalent in every facet of society. This article by the IDOE defines, outlines, and discusses the importance of assessment literacy and fostering a strong understanding of assessment material and strategies in students.