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Updated by Joanna James on Jun 23, 2019
Headline for Types of engineering degrees in Sri Lanka - Popular paths for the engineering student
Joanna James Joanna James
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Types of engineering degrees in Sri Lanka - Popular paths for the engineering student

Engineering is a field that is considered prestigious in terms of a career choice. There are many areas within the field, though, and these are some of the engineering degrees available in Sri Lanka.


Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering is one of the more popular engineering degrees in Sri Lanka. This is offered at almost all State Universities, as well as at a number of private universities like Cinec Campus. Mechanical engineering is the field of designing and working with all types of machines. This can include anything from a basic machine you find in any household to designing a machine for a specific purpose to automotive and aerospace engineering. Of all the branches of mechanical engineering, automotive engineering is the most popular in Sri Lanka, which the branch that deals with vehicles.


Electronic Engineering

Electronic engineering is also called Electronics and Communications Engineering. It is a field that deals with non-linear electrical elements which are active. For example, an electrical engineer would work with integrated circuits and semiconductors in order to design devices and systems that are electronic based. There are two main categories within the discipline, electronic or electrical engineering. The former is the more popular options in Sri Lanka. These degrees are offered at most universities, too.


Civil engineering

Civil engineering is the discipline that deals with both the natural and artificial physical environment. This field is one that designs, constructs, and maintains bridges, roads, dams, pipelines, railways, and the likes. The field of civil engineering is considered to be the second oldest engineering discipline in the world, after military engineering. Thus the name is believed to derive from this distinction. There are many sub-categories under the field including construction engineering, environmental engineering, forensic engineering, geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, surveying, urban engineering, water resources engineering, and transportation engineering.


Software engineering

Software engineering is a relatively new discipline, although it is perhaps the one that is fastest growing. The discipline deals with the production and maintenance of all software. It is becoming a vital part of the contemporary world with globalization and technological advancements. The subcategories of this discipline include software testing, software design, software construction, software configuration management, and software quality. Computer programming is also fast becoming a component of the discipline, although it is considered a prerequisite for a degree in software engineering at the moment. However, it is important to keep in mind that unlike other fields of engineering, the accreditation of software engineering varies from country to country.


Chemical Engineering

This discipline of engineering combines the fields of chemistry, mathematics, physics, and economics to manipulate chemicals and energy. A chemical engineer would, broadly, devise ways in which raw material can be converted into useful energy. The field also includes plant design and plant operation, process design and analysis, chemical reaction engineering, safety and hazard assessment, and control engineering. It is a relatively new field to branch out independently but has experienced massive interest by prospective engineering students in the contemporary world.

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