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Updated by Joanna James on Aug 13, 2018
Headline for Identify Your Eye Issues and Get the Perfect Solution – Caring for the Health of the Eye
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Joanna James Joanna James
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Identify Your Eye Issues and Get the Perfect Solution – Caring for the Health of the Eye

Everyone should make it a priority to look after their vital eyesight. There are a number of issues that can arise with the condition of your eyes, and it is important to obtain professional guidance.

1

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is the result when fluid builds up and causes pressure on the eye, a condition which in turn leads to damage of the optic nerve. Since the optic nerve functions to transmit information originating from the eyes to the brain, the damage that is caused to it may result in serious loss of vision, whilst in some severe cases, blindness may be caused.

Glaucoma is considered to be a major cause of blindness that can, in fact, be readily prevented. Millions of people around the world are afflicted by glaucoma. A complete eye examination which includes a test for glaucoma will inform you of whether you are affected by this problem.

Since glaucoma can develop without any discernible symptoms, it often cannot be sensed by the individual until serious and irreversible harm has been caused to the eye. Due to this danger, regular and frequent exams by an eye specialist will be very advisable in order to detect conditions that can lead to glaucoma.

A number of options are available for sufferers of glaucoma. An eye specialist may prescribe eye drops to alleviate pressure in the eye by diminishing the flow of fluid or assisting drainage. Surgery can be used to treat glaucoma, but the damage caused to the eye cannot be reversed.

2

Cataracts

Cataracts are another very common eye ailment that can affect a wide spectrum of individuals. This condition is caused by the stiffening and hardening of the eye's lens; the lens enables the eye to focus and view objects at various distances. Cataracts which often occur due to ageing prevent the lens of the eye from focusing as it should.

Despite the fact that cataracts can be caused by a number of eye ailments, in the majority of cases, they are the result of the process of ageing. By the age of 65, a large proportion of the population may develop cataracts. Less frequent reasons for cataracts include birth defects, heredity, chronic illnesses like diabetes, eye injury and over-use of various medications.

You may find that the initial symptoms of a cataract may be slight or undetectable. Due to this reason, it is vitally important to be aware of even a slight vision problem and obtain the guidance of an eye professional. Frequently experienced cataract symptoms include blurred or cloudy vision, increased sensitivity to glare and light, weak night vision, frequently changing eye prescriptions, double vision in an eye and changes in colour vision.

Cataract formation can be slowed by avoiding high blood pressure, smoking, too much alcohol and obesity. In the latter stages of cataracts, surgery must be employed.

3

Retinal Detachment

This is a problem that occurs due to the detachment of the retina from the blood vessels and nerve tissue beneath it. Although this condition is usually painless, it has the effect of creating a cloudy field of vision which resembles a dark curtain shifting over the visual field. Although retinal detachment may be treated, it must be alleviated promptly as it may lead to loss of vision and even blindness.

Retinal detachment typically occurs when the retina is damaged or unusually thin, so that the fluids of the eye can enter it. As the fluid enters, it displaces the retina from the tissue that supports it, resulting in its separation and eventual detachment. The section of the retina that has been detached can no longer adequately transmit information to the brain. Complications caused by retinal detachment include leaking of the blood vessels and detachment of the macula, the inner section of the retina.

An eye specialist will be able to detect retinal detachment using a number of response examinations targeting the retina and pupil. Early symptoms of the condition include eye floaters, flashes, blurry vision, blind spots or shadows. A number of surgical procedures may be employed to treat retinal detachment. When it comes to the treatment of eye diseases in Sri Lanka a specialist that you could consider would be Vision Care Optical Services.

4

Diabetic Macular Edema

This condition is caused by diabetes due to a build-up of fluid in the central part of the eye, the macula. The macula contains cones, the cells that are used to sense light in the eye. As the macula starts to fill with unnecessary fluid, the cone cells' ability to detect light is affected, resulting in blurry vision which can be a serious problem.

Two varieties of diabetic macular edema can be identified according to the means by which the fluid reaches the macula. The first is focal DME which is the result of small abnormalities in the blood vessels. On the other hand, diffuse DME occurs due to the broadening of the capillaries of the retina.

The degree of diabetic macular edema is dependent on a number of factors including the severity of diabetic retinopathy in the patient, the duration of time that the individual has had diabetes, and the kind of diabetes. Other factors include excessive blood pressure, hypertension, retention of fluids, levels of protein and levels of fat in the bloodstream.

It is considered that sufferers of diabetes are at risk of acquiring DME over the course of time. Double vision, blurry vision and eye floaters are symptoms of diabetic macular edema. Surgical procedures can be employed to treat sufferers of the condition.