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Updated by Joanna James on Jun 23, 2019
Headline for Essential Scuba Diving Equipment - The ABCs for the Open Seas
Joanna James Joanna James
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Essential Scuba Diving Equipment - The ABCs for the Open Seas

Exploring the world beneath the water is no easy task. It requires practice, precision, and above all, a set of tools that you can trust your life with. These are basic gear for a scuba diver.



The mask is the first piece of equipment that you will need. This mask is similar to the mask you use when snorkelling in its purpose, which is to keep water out of your eyes but is built without a mouthpiece. The mask should not be too tight around your eyes or too loose. Do a quick test to figure out if it is the perfect fit. Simply place the mask in front of your face, and inhale. Let go of the mask – while holding your breath – and see if the mask fits well without any gaps. If it does, this is the mask for you.



The regulator is what connects your oxygen tank with your mouthpiece. It is literally your lifeline when diving. The regulator is often accompanied by an "octopus", which is the term for a backup regulator. The octopus is usually yellow in colour and attached to your gear in such a way that someone else can use it in the case of an emergency. It is understandable that you would not want to haul all these tubes and risk any damage to them as you are flying on your way to a luxury holiday in Maldives. That is why any place that offers diving has this equipment for hire.


Power Inflator

Also called the BC, the power inflator looks like a backpack and is what supports your weight enabling you to maintain your position when under water. If you want to rise upwards to the surface you need to add air to the internal bladder, and to go further down, you need to release air from it. The buttons for controlling are located on the hose to your left. However, it is recommended that you get a comprehensive training on controlling the BC – places like Anantara Kihavah Maldives Villas have diving schools and instructors who can help you with it – before you dive.



The fins are an essential part of any activity that requires moving through water. The fins help you navigate water easily. The fins are worn on bare feet. It is important that your fins fit you perfectly. Too tight, and you might get cramps. Too loose, and you could get painful blisters, not to mention damage the corals and other sedentary life below water.



Although some prefer to go without a wetsuit, it is an essential part of a diver's gear. The wetsuit helps your body to retain its heat, insulating it from the water that you are in. Even if you are diving in the tropical waters, it is important to wear a wetsuit. If you are worried about the heat and whatnot, you can opt for a shorter wetsuit that leaves your arms and legs bare. Remember that a good wetsuit should be a snug fit, not too loose, but not so tight that your movements have to be restricted.