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Best Bible Commentaries on 1 Timothy

1 Timothy is the fifteenth book of the New Testament. Authorship is traditionally attributed to the Apostle Paul. The letter is addressed to Paul’s understudy, Timothy, who was ministering at the church of Ephesus. Paul wrote the letter to teach Timothy about ministry in the local church. Commentaries on 2 Timothy often address the doctrine of the church, worship in the church, and leaders in the church.

Pastoral Epistles (WBC) by William D. Mounce

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Accolades:

  • Desiring God: #1 recommended commentary on 1 Timothy
  • D.A. Carson: "best buy" on 1 Timothy, "more conservative than Marshall," reflects "on pastoral issues"
  • Craig Blomberg, etal: a "priority"commentary on the Pastoral Epistles
  • Tom Schreiner: recommended: "a technical and conservative exposition of the pastorals"
  • Keith Mathison: #3 ranked commentary on 1 Timothy; "thoroughly discusses all of the important issues raised by Paul (whom he believes wrote these epistles), and when dealing with controversial parts of the letters, he fairly represents those with whom he disagrees. All in all, a very good commentary."

Audience:

  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
  • Scholars/professors doing research
  • Scholars/professors teaching advanced courses
The Letters to Timothy and Titus (NICNT) by Philip H. Towner

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Accolades:

  • D.A. Carson: "best buy" on 1 Timothy, "perhaps the best commentary on the Pastorals based on the English text"
  • Craig Blomberg, etal: a "priority"commentary on the Pastoral Epistles
  • Tom Schreiner: recommended: "a useful exposition by a scholar who has devoted his career to the pastorals"
  • Keith Mathison: #2 ranked commentary on 1 Timothy; "accessible to most educated readers...Towner rejects the conclusions of critical scholars who deny Pauline authorship of the Pastoral Epistles."

Audience:

From the publisher: "Written for scholars, pastors, and lay readers alike...undertaken to provide earnest students of the New Testament with an exposition that is thorough and abreast of modern scholarship and at the same time loyal to the Scriptures as the infallible Word of God."

The Pastoral Epistles (NIGTC) by George W. Knight III

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Accolades:

  • Tom Schreiner: recommended: "a technical commentary of the pastorals from a defender of Pauline authorship"
  • D.A. Carson: "cautious, conservative, and thoughtful"
  • Keith Mathison: #1 ranked commentary on 1 Timothy; "the best contemporary commentary on these books...Knight takes a thoroughly conservative and orthodox approach"

Audience:

From the publisher: "At a time when the study of Greek is curtailed in many schools of theology, we hope that the NIGNT will demonstrate the continuing value of studying the Greek New Testament... the volumes of the NIGNT are for students who want something less technical than a full-scale critical commentary... the supreme aim of this series is to serve those who are engaged in the ministry of the Word of God and thus glorify God's name."

The Pastoral Epistles (TNTC) by Donald Guthrie

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Accolades:

  • D.A. Carson: ""has become something of a classic"
  • Keith Mathison: #4 ranked commentary on 1 Timothy; "an accessible, introductory level commentary on the Pastoral Epistles"

Audience:

  • Any Christian seeking devotional aides
  • Any Christian seeking Bible study aides
  • Pastors/preachers seeking application help
  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
The Pastoral Epistles (ICC) by I. Howard Marshall

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Accolades:

  • D.A. Carson: "best buy" on 1 Timothy, "the learned and careful exegesis will be a joy to pore over"
  • Craig Blomberg, etal: a "priority"commentary on the Pastoral Epistles
  • Tom Schreiner: recommended: "a massive and technical commentary that is very learned, though he rejects Pauline authorship"

Audience:

  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
  • Scholars/professors doing research
  • Scholars/professors teaching advanced courses
1, 2 Timothy, Titus (NAC) by Thomas D. Lea and Hayne P. Griffin Jr.

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Accolades:

  • D.A. Carson: "competent"

Audience:

From the publisher: "The New American Commentary is introduced to bridge the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. This new series has been designed primarily to enable pastors, teachers, and students to read the Bible with clarity and proclaim it with power."

The Message of 1 Timothy & Titus (BST) by John Stott

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Audience:

The "the three distinctives of The Bible Speaks Today series are (1) "BST authors are committed to a serious study of the text in its own integrity," (2) that "expositors should not be antiquarians, living only in the remote past" but suggest application for living, and (3) "each book is intended to be both readable in style and manageable in size."

1–2 Timothy and Titus (Preaching the Word) by Bryan Chappell

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Audience:

  • Any Christian seeking devotional aides
  • Any Christian seeking Bible study aides
  • Pastors/preachers seeking application help
  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
1 & 2 Timothy, Titus (UBCS) by Gordon Fee

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Accolades:

  • Tom Schreiner: recommended: "a brief commentary for the busy pastor"

Audience:

  • Any Christian seeking Bible study aides
  • Pastors/preachers seeking application help
  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
1 and 2 Timothy, Titus (EBC; Ephesians - Philemon) by Andreas Kostenberger

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Accolades:

  • Tom Schreiner: recommended: "a clear exposition of the text"

Audience:

  • Pastors/preachers seeking application help
  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
1 & 2 Timothy, Titus (NIVAC) by Walter Liefeld

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Audience:

  • Any Christian seeking Bible study aides
  • Pastors/preachers seeking application help
  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
1-2 Timothy & Titus (IVPNTC) by Philip H. Towner

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Audience:

  • Any Christian seeking Bible study aides
  • Pastors/preachers seeking application help
  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
  • Scholars/professors teaching advanced courses
The Pastoral Epistles (BNTC) by J.N.D. Kelly

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Accolades:

  • Tom Schreiner: recommended; "a bit longer than Fee, with many insights"

Audience:

  • Any Christian seeking devotional aides
  • Any Christian seeking Bible study aides
  • Pastors/preachers seeking application help
  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
Exalting Jesus in 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus (CCEC) by David Platt, Daniel L. Akin, and Tony Merida

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Audience:

  • Any Christian seeking devotional aides
  • Any Christian seeking Bible study aides
  • Pastors/preachers seeking application help
  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
1 Timothy (MNTC) by John MacArthur

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Audience:

  • Any Christian seeking devotional aides
  • Any Christian seeking Bible study aides
  • Pastors/preachers seeking application help
  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
1 & 2 Timothy and Titus (Belief) by Thomas Long

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Audience:

  • Any Christian seeking Bible study aides
  • Pastors/preachers seeking application help
  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
1 and 2 Timothy and Titus by John Calvin

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Accolades:

  • Keith Mathison: #5 ranked commentary on 1 Timothy; "The work by Calvin on the Pastorals is particularly interesting because of the insight it gives us to the Reformation understanding of church leadership. A must-read."

Audience:

  • Any Christian seeking Bible study aides
  • Pastors/preachers seeking application help
  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
The First and Second Letters to Timothy (AB) by Luke Timothy Johnson

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Accolades:

  • Tom Schreiner: recommended: "a helpful commentary from this Roman Catholic scholar who accepts Pauline authorship"

Audience:

  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
  • Scholars/professors doing research
  • Scholars/professors teaching advanced courses
1 and 2 Timothy, and Titus (For Everyone) by N.T. Wright

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Audience:

  • Any Christian seeking devotional aides
  • Any Christian seeking Bible study aides
  • Pastors/preachers seeking application help
  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
1 and 2 Thessalonians, 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon (Holman) by Knute Larson

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Audience:

  • Any Christian seeking devotional aides
  • Any Christian seeking Bible study aides
  • Pastors/preachers seeking application help
  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help
1 and 2 Timothy, Titus (ABCS) by Samuel M. Ngewa

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Accolades:

  • Craig Blomberg, etal: a "priority"commentary on the Pastoral Epistles

Audience:

  • Any Christian seeking devotional aides
  • Any Christian seeking Bible study aides
  • Pastors/preachers seeking application help
  • Pastors/preachers seeking interpretation help