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Updated by Joanna James on Jun 23, 2019
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The Three Doshas of Ayurveda

The doshas are composed of the five elements: fire, water, space, air and earth. A person with a specific dosha will demonstrate the qualities of those elements in their physical and mental processes.


The Three Doshas and its Importance

The three 'Doshas': 'Vata', 'Pitta' and 'Kapha' can be described as biological energies that exist within the human form which in turn reflect our inner selves. Ancient Ayurvedic teachings indicate that each person enjoys a unique balance of these doshas and its accompanying qualities, which in turn define how their physical forms operate as well as their general composure. As a result, Ayurvedic teaching attributes the actions, thoughts, lifestyle and happiness to the proportion of these energies intrinsic to a person, and its doshic state. There are three such doshic states, namely, balanced, increased and decreased. Where a person's doshic state is balanced, it is referred to as 'equilibrium' because the three doshas are maintained in its original proportions. Where a person's doshic state is increased, it is considered 'aggravated' because a particular biological energy exists in greater proportion to others. Similarly, where a particular energy is less, the doshic state is referred to as decreased.



Reflecting the qualities of earth and water are those who have a Kapha constitution. Given its elemental influence, this dosha ensures that a person is grounded, both physically and mentally; such a person will usually be calm and have a strong body frame. To keep this particular dosha in balance it is important to avoid a lifestyle that is sedentary, leisurely and inactive. The Kapha doshic state can become imbalanced by inactivity, overeating and avoidance of intellectually stimulating conversations and challenges. To ensure that a balance doshic state is achieved, a person can visit ayurvedic spas to discover the different types of treatment that can assist in balancing one's doshic state.



Those with a Pitta constitution will demonstrate physical and mental qualities of fire and water, as it is these two elements that constitute this dosha. Pitta is composed of the energies that engage in the metabolism and digestion of one's body. A person with a Pitta constitution will usually be sharp, demonstrate drive and ambition but when the Pitta is off balance, demonstrate rage and ego. Therefore, it is of paramount importance that such a person maintains a balanced dosha, for any imbalance could result in unpleasant social situations and an unsatisfied mental state. To re-balance an unbalanced Pitta dosha, irregular meals should be avoided and one can also opt for purification therapy such as those offered by Siddhalepa Ayurvedic Spas.



Two of the five elements i.e. space and air, are considered to make up the dosha called 'Vata'. It is also known as the 'King of the Doshas'. A person demonstrating a Vata dosha will have inherent physical and mental qualities that reflect space and air. Therefore, such a person will be moving quickly, a quick thinker, physically slim, creative and active. As Vata also governs communication, such a person will have strong communication skills and is flexible. Persons with this doshic constitution should meditate, engage in calming exercises such as walking and yoga, ensure that a routine is developed and followed and eat in a peaceful environment. Failure to do so can result in an imbalanced doshic state thus causing anxiety and depression.

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