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Updated by Joanna James on Mar 12, 2018
Headline for Marvellous Manmade Creation around the Ancient City of Galle- Uncover Cultural Landmarks across the Southern Capital Gal
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Joanna James Joanna James
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Marvellous Manmade Creation around the Ancient City of Galle- Uncover Cultural Landmarks across the Southern Capital Gal

As one of the most popular holiday destinations in Sri Lanka, Galle is home to countless historic landmark and heritage sites. Here are some of the must-visit highlights on a tour of the area.

1

Galle Ramparts

Occupying pride of place along Rampart Street the Galle Ramparts are an integral part of the Galle Fort as well as the many manmade attractions to enjoy with sunset or sunrise walk. Open to visitors free of charge the ramparts of the Galle Fort are surrounded by the ocean in three directions. Some of the highlights along the walk which takes nearly 2 hours to complete are the nearly 110 cannons and the clock tower. The lighthouse and the sentry posts lining the rampart walkway are equally intriguing while the "dungeon" is also a highlight that should not be missed.

2

Galle Fort

Having once served as a defence mechanism the Galle Fort is not only one of the most iconic landmarks not only in the southern capital but also Sri Lanka as a while. The UNESCO World Heritage site dates back to 1669, making it one of the oldest and best preserved works of colonial Sri Lanka. Built by the Dutch the fort is now a city within a city with some of the area's best cafes, restaurants and cultural institutions occupying its confines. Residents including expats live within the fort which is lined with cobbled streets and ancient structures and colonial buildings. Visitors based in a Galle hotel in Talpe whether it's a boutique hotel the likes of Cantaloupe Aqua or any other resort base can sign up a tour of the fort via the hotel or local tour operators.

3

Dutch Reform Church

Also known as the Great Church or Groote Kerk the Dutch Reform Church is another magnificent piece of colonial architecture in Galle. Open to visitors from 8.30am to 5.30pm the religious institution was built as early as 1755 on the site of two former churches. Some of the most coveted features of the church include its exquisite frescoes and paintings as well as its Doric columns. The ceiling is another highlight featuring gold studs in the form of stars. The stained glass windows were a later addition made in 1830 while other noteworthy elements include its stunning baptism stand and pulpit.

4

Galle National Museum

Housed within a Dutch structure with a classic veranda lined with colonnades the Galle National Museum can rightly be described as a composite of some of the best manmade relics found in Galle and the nearby vicinity since ancient times. The building which once served as a VOC barracks not only showcases collections of Chinese explorer Zheng He but also various other remnants of the colonial era and the city's trading past with various nations. Ancient furniture, weaponry and Moorish art works are some of the main highlights contained within the galleries of the museum.

5

Dutch Warehouse

Located down Queens Street the Old Spice Warehouse also known as the Dutch Warehouse is a larger than life structure spread out over two floors. Built as far back as 1671 the venue used to house various commodities from Holland including spices and other goods. The venue's orange and yellow colour facade with its dark black windows and entrances serves as the perfect backdrop for an Instagram worthy picture of the manmade wonder.

6

Mansion House Museum

The Dutch colonial home housing the Mansion House Museum is and of itself should be considered one of the most picturesque manmade creations in and around Galle, but the artefacts contained within the premises are no less intriguing. Littered with household and cultural paraphernalia including porcelain items, tortoise shell ornaments and other curios from various eras the cupboard laden confines of the Mansion House Museum offer visitors a glimpse into the opulence of the past in a charming setting which harks back to the city's golden era.

7

Meeran Jumma Mosque

Famously dubbed the Friday Mosque the edifice is perhaps best known for its baroque and Portuguese architectural features. As a mosque which has a unique building style that deviates from the traditional forms of a mosque the indicators that the structure is in face an Islamic religious venue are the Arabic scriptures and small minarets decorating its exteriors.