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Updated by Joanna James on Sep 13, 2018
Headline for Top 10 Rarest Gems -Nature's Treasure Guide
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Top 10 Rarest Gems -Nature's Treasure Guide

Gemstones are known to be the most valuable throughout history. For centuries, these precious stones have been used as accessories on jewelry and other items.

1

Tanzanite

Tanzanite

The Tanzanite gem takes a lush deep blue to purple colour and is found only in one place; the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. This gem is reconigable by its strong trichroism, which means that when viewed under alternate lighting, it will take the form of sapphire blue, violet or burgundy. The gem was marketed and named by Tiffany & Co after its city of origin. Tanzanite is known to be the birthstone for December and is also considered to be the gem for a 24th anniversary.

2

Taaffeite

Taaffeite

The Taaffeite gem was discovered by Richard Taaffee. The colours of the Taaffeite gem range from mauve or liliac, red to brown, blue, green transparent to translucent crystals. Although, its origin is not known, traces of the mineral were found mostly in Sri Lanka, and quite rarely in Tanzania and Burma. Taaffeite gems could be found in gem stores like Ayura Studio, which adds nature's precious stones to create unique jewellery.

3

Black Opal

Black Opal

A Black Opal is a rare black or dark gray stone that is intricately and naturally designed by bright coloured dots. Black Opal is known to originate from the mines of New South Wales, Australia.

4

Benitoite

Benitoite

This rare gem stone varies between blue and purple and is generally found in Japan and Arkansas, with a commercial mine in California. Benitiote take the form of a 5 pointed crystal and an even rarer form of a 6 pointed star.

5

Red Beryl

Red Beryl

Red Beryl is mined in the Mountains of Utah and is generally known as scarlet Emerald. Although this gem is derived from Beryl, which is a colourless gem, the Red Beryl is rare to acquire therefore highly expensive.

6

Alexandrite

Alexandrite

Alexandrite, mined from the Ural Mountains, has recently been discovered in East Africa, Sri Lanka and Brazil. This precious gem changes colours from red to green and was named after Tsar Alexander II. The colour changing feature of this gem stone is what makes it exquisite, as it turns green or blue-green in the daylight and then to a softer shade of red, purple-red or raspberry. Alexandrite is the birthstone for June.

7

Jadeite

Jadeite

Jadeite is a gem material that is used to create the Jade gem along with Nephrite. Jadeite is a metamorphic rock made of crystals that comes in an array of crystals from green, white, gray, black, brown, lavender, yellow and red-orange. The rare stone is generally found in Myanmar.

8

Musgravite

Musgravite

From the same family as Taaffeite, the colours of the Musgravite stone ranges from a vivid green-gray to purple. Although initially discovered in 1967 in Southern Australia, small quantities have been found in Greenland, Antarctica, Sri Lanka, Madagascar and Tanzania and yet are believed to be quite rare.

9

Painite

Painite

Named after Arthur C.D Pain, an English gem collector who was the first to recognize the gem in Myanmar, the Painite forms in to a long, transparent deep garnet-red crystal as is known to be one of the rarest gems in the world.

10

Pink Star Diamond

Pink Star Diamond

The Pink Star diamond, mined by De Beers in 1999 in South Africa tops the list as the rarest precious stones available in the market. Formerly known as the Steinmetz Pink, this diamond is known to be the largest diamond having being rated as Vivid Pink.

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