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Updated by Joanna James on Feb 11, 2018
Headline for Guidance for Understanding Forklift Tires & Maintenance
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Joanna James Joanna James
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Guidance for Understanding Forklift Tires & Maintenance

There are several forklift tires but the most commonly used are the solid or inflated. Each tire differs based on need, but by understanding your tire and keeping it in shape, the longer it will last.

1

Choosing the right tire

Each type of tire has a different tread pattern, compound and ply rating, which if selected right, will help to ensure the tire used is best suited for the need. Finding the right tire size should be decided after carefully calculating the necessary load on each wheel. In general, when picking tires, it is recommended that you pick the tire which carries the weight with the lowest inflation pressure. There are usually two types of
which are names after how they are fitted : the press-on or standard tires. The press-on tires, as its names suggests, is generally straightforward to fit, on the other hand, they are less durable when it comes to running over more challenging terrain. The standard tires fit on forklifts the same way as regular car tires are fitted on.

2

Think of wear and tear

Consider what kind of conditions the forklift will be working in and how frequently it will be used. If the forklift is going to move over rough and damaging spaces, invest in a thicker tire such as industrial tyres that will last longer. Solid rubber tires, like GRI Tires – Australia has to offer are now the most regularly used, and are predominately used on even surfaces and are good inside too whilst polyurethane tires are used solely indoors.

3

Types of tires in the market

There are 4 main types of tires available in the market, each with its own specifications to suit a certain job. Cushion tires are a press-on tire, made with a rubber and metal band attached to it and are used only on smooth surfaces like warehouses with concrete flooring. Solid tires are the most commonly used tire since they aren't filled with air, they don't puncture or go flat and are therefore longer lasting. These can be used for indoors or on even outdoor surfaces. Pneumatic (air) tires are thick with deep tread patterns and strong wear-resistant rubber which are best used outdoors on rough surfaces. Polyurethane wheels are press-on tires that provide adequate traction for indoor use and possess a 'small rolling resistance' that prolongs their lifespan. Non-marking tires are solids designed to prevent black marks on floors. The drawback is with the carbon black removed, the life span of the tire is reduced.

4

Maintaining your tires

Always ensure the air pressure in the tires is correct by carrying out checks monthly; keeping in mind the heat built up from overuse can increase the pressure. Never lower the air pressure by bleeding your tires while they are warm since this can also increase the heat buildup. In addition, when storing your tires, they need to be placed in a cool, dark and dirt free area, away from active electric engines. Avoid storing your tires for longer than a couple of months.

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