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Updated by Galin Kolev on Aug 05, 2016
Headline for European National Flowers: The COMPLETE List
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Galin Kolev Galin Kolev
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European National Flowers: The COMPLETE List

A list of every European country's national flower, be it declared officially or known to have a special place in culture.

Source: http://blog.fantasticgardeners.co.uk/europe-national-flowers/

2

Albania

Albania

You can find red and black Poppy everywhere in this country. The plant is valued for its beauty, medicinal superpowers and seeds used in cooking and baking.

3

Andorra

Andorra

Also known as the poet’s narcissus or the pheasant’s eye. The petals represent the parishes of the Principality, and the two coloured crown in the centre represents the two co-princes of Andorra.

4

Austria

Austria

Land of mountains, land by river” is the National Anthem of Austria. A mountainy country where the otherwise rare beauty of the Edelweiss is relatively common.

5

Belarus

Belarus

Belarus is full of large fields of flax, with the harvest mainly used for the food and medicinal industries.

6

Belgium

Belgium

The red poppy is connected with remembrance of those who have died in war times.

7

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina

The flower is native for Bosnia and it is used in the coat of arms of the country.

8

Bulgaria

Bulgaria

Bulgaria is the biggest rose oil producer in the world.

9

Croatia

Croatia

In Croatian, the name of this flower is perunika, coming from the name of the Slavic god Perun. Perun is the highest god in the Slavic mythology, an overlord of thunder and lightning. Hence the belief that perunika grows on the ground that is struck by lighting.

10

Cyprus

Cyprus

Arguably the most important flower in the Cyprus flora due to its endemic rarity.

11

Czech Republic

Czech Republic

Different urban legends proclaim the rose as a symbol of war, love, beauty and politics.

12

Denmark

Denmark

Denmark doesn’t have an official national flower. However, Marguerite Daisy is found and cultivated in excessive amounts in Denmark, is the favourite flower of the queen and hence, it’s often mentioned as a national symbol.

13

England

England

The emblematic War of the Roses between the Royal house of Lancaster (red rose sigil) and the Royal house of York (white rose sigil), marked the adoption of the flower as a national symbol.

14

Estonia

Estonia

It predominantly grows on rye fields, connecting a strong association with bread in the minds of the folk. Cornflower was elected as a national symbol after a public contest back in 1968.

15

Finland

Finland

Lily-of-the-valley was chosen as a Finnish national flower as its beauty and sweet scent are well-recognised by the Finns. It can also be easily found at large around the country.

16

France

France

The fleur-de-lis is present in the country’s coat of arms and national emblem. The iris is a royal symbol since the 1300’s. It depicts light, life and perfection.

17

Germany

Germany

Also known as cyani flower, the cornflower was adopted as a national symbol of Germany in the 1800’s. Its colour is no coincidence – Prussian blue. What’s more, unmarried people at the time showed that they are single by wearing the flower on their chest.

18

Greece

Greece

The fresh or dried flower spikes are used in floral arrangements throughout the country.

19

Hungary

Hungary

During the Ottoman conquest, the tulip was brought in the country and through it, to other parts of Europe. It was the Sultan’s favourite and it remained a national symbol of Hungary since then.

20

Iceland

Iceland

It can be commonly found in Iceland as it grows in heathers and gravely soils.

21

Ireland

Ireland

As one of the most well-known national flower symbols, the Shamrock’s legend tells that St. Patrick of Ireland had used it to illustrate the Doctrine of the Trinity – The Father, The Son and The Holy Spirit.

22

Italy

Italy

With violet and rose, as other highly popular flowers in the country, Italy’s lily is associated with religion and purity.

23

Latvia

Latvia

Daisies are a very popular flower in Latvia and are often used in flower arrangements or given as gifts. No doubt they are chosen as one of the national symbols of the country.

24

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein

One of the flowers, associated with happiness and joyful people – hence its yellow colouring.

25

Lithuania

Lithuania

Rue symbolizes virginity and plays an important role in wedding ceremonies in Lithuania. The bride usually wears a wreath of rue.

26

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

A royal flower for an affluent country, the Rose has been a symbol of Luxembourg for many years.

  • Listly By

    Galin is your friendly neighbourhood content writer. It is his passion to provide readers with fascinating facts and guides on daily life matters. His areas of expertise range anywhere from lifestyle to business. Gavin is currently employed by a gardening services franchise company in London, UK.

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