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Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems and International Humanitarian Law

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UNOG - The United Nations Office at Geneva

,The third CCW Meeting of Experts on LAWS took place from 11 to 15 April 2016 in Geneva. The Meeting was chaired by Ambassador Michael Biontino of Germany.

The 2015 CCW Meeting of States Parties agreed to the following mandate for the Meeting of Experts:

"The Meeting decided to convene an informal meeting of experts of up to five days during the week of 11 to 15 April 2016 to discuss further the questions related to emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS), in the context of the objectives and purposes of the Convention. The Chairperson of the meeting of experts will submit a report in his personal capacity to the 2016 Fifth Review Conference of High Contracting Parties to the Convention. The meeting of experts may agree by consensus on recommendations for further work for consideration by the 2016 Fifth Review Conference."

特定通常兵器使用禁止制限条約(CCW)自律型致死兵器システム(LAWS)第3回非公式専門家会議

(1)4月11日から15日まで,ジュネーブにて,特定通常兵器使用禁止制限条約(CCW)自律型致死兵器システム(LAWS)に関する第3回非公式専門家会議が開催され,我が国を含む94か国の他,国際機関,NGOが参加した。我が国からは,外務省,防衛省関係者が出席した。
(2)本会議においては,一般討論の他,各セッション(自律性の考察,LAWSの作業場の定義に向けて,国際人道法上の課題,人権と倫理問題,安全保障)において研究機関等の専門家による発表が行われ,それに対して出席者から質問や意見が出された。我が方からは,一般討論においてロボット技術の汎用性は,引き続き重視していくべき論点であること等を内容とするステートメントを行った。これに関し,多くの国が,LAWSに関して取られる規制措置が民生分野の開発を妨げることになってはならない旨主張した。
(3)本会合においては,完全自律型兵器は将来開発され得るという意見がある一方で,そのような兵器は開発されることはないとする意見もあった。他方,LAWSの国際法(特に国際人道法)の適用の重要性については,ほぼ全ての国が主張していた。また,多くの国が,武器の法的審査が国際人道法の遵守を確保するために重要であることを主張した。その他,LAWSの使用が人権,特に人間の尊厳等に対して,深刻な影響を及ぼすことを危惧する意見が多数述べられた。
(4)本会合において,LAWSに関する政府専門家会議の設立を含むCCW第5回検討会議(5RC)への勧告がコンセンサスで採択された。また,議長の権限で作成された議長サマリーは,本年12月に開催される5RCに報告されることとなった。

特定通常兵器使用禁止制限条約(Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons:CCW)

自律型致死兵器システム(LAWS)第3回非公式専門家会議(2016年4月)
http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/dns/ca/page24_000593.html
自律型致死兵器システム(LAWS)第2回非公式専門家会議(2015年4月)
http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/dns/ca/page25_000146.html
自律型致死兵器システム(LAWS)非公式専門家会議(2014年5月)概要と評価
http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/dns/ca/page24_000283.html

Lethal Autonomous Weapons

Biography: Stuart Russell received his B.A. with first-class honours in physics from Oxford University in 1982 and his Ph.D. in computer science from Stanfor...

War Law, the “Public Conscience” and Autonomous Weapons

In the Guardian this morning, Christof Heyns very neatly articulates  some of the legal arguments with allowing machines the ability to target human beings autonomously – whether they can distinguish civilians and combatants, make qualitative judgments, be held responsible for war crimes. But after going through this back and forth, Heyns then appears to reframe the debate entirely away from the law and into the realm of morality:

LAWS and CNAS LETHAL AUTONOMOUS WEAPON SYSTEMS

Dan 8:23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences...

Autonomous Weapons systems Dangerous killer robots or smarter and less harmful warfare

The motion under debate will be:"Should there be an absolute ban on autonomous systems capable of using lethal force?" Two key speakers will argue for and ag...

CyCon 2013 | Michael Schmitt: Autonomous Weapons Systems

CyCon is the annual NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence conference. CyCon 2013 was conducted with the technical cooperation of the IEEE Eston...

U.N. Experts Prophesy Autonomous Robot Apocalypse

Preparing for the day artificial intelligence turns against us.

Autonomous killing robots should be 'prohibited', experts say

Humans should stay in control of automatic robotic weapons systems a Convention on autonomous weapons has been told

Human Rights Clinic report calls for meaningful human control of weapons systems - Harvard Law Today

In a report issued last week, the Harvard Law School International Human Rights Clinic and Human Rights Watch call for countries to retain meaningful human control over weapons systems and ban fully autonomous weapons, also known as 'killer robots.'

Autonomous Weapons systems Dangerous killer robots or smarter and less harmful warfare

The motion under debate will be:"Should there be an absolute ban on autonomous systems capable of using lethal force?" Two key speakers will argue for and ag...

CyCon is the annual NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence conference.
CyCon 2013 was conducted with the technical cooperation of the IEEE Estonia Section on June 4-7, 2013 in Tallinn, Estonia and focused on the technical, strategic and legal implications of using automatic methods in cyber conflicts.


Disclaimer: The views expressed are the speaker's own and may not necessarily reflect the views of the Naval War College, the Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense, or any other branch or agency of the U.S. Government.