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Columbian Exchange

This Project will include the significant events about the Columbian Exchange. This massive exchange took place on both sides of the Atlantic, Europe and the Americas. As they were brought together to trade items such as animals, food, plants, and also disease.

Nunn, Nathan, and Nancy Qian. 2010. “The Columbian Exchange: A History
of Disease, Food, and Ideas.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 24 (2) (May):
163–188. doi:10.1257/jep.24.2.163. http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/jep.24.2.163.

  • The Columbian Exchange refers to the exchange of diseases, ideas, food e Columbian Exchange refers to the exchange of diseases, ideas, food crops, and populations between the New World and the Old World following the voyage to the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492.

  • Old World gained new staple crops, such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, maize, and cassava. Less
    calorie-intensive foods, such as tomatoes, chili peppers, cacao, peanuts, and pineapples
    were also introduced, and are now culinary centerpieces in many Old World countries, namely Italy, Greece, and other Mediterranean countries (tomatoes) India and Korea (chili peppers), Hungary (paprika, made from chili peppers),Tobacco, another New World crop, was so universally adopted that it came to be used as a substitute ew World crop, was so universally adopted that it came to be used as a substitute
    for currency in many parts of the world.

  • The exchange also drastically increased or currency in many parts of the world.

  • the availability of many Old World crops, such as sugar and coffee, which were he availability of many Old World crops, particularly well-suited for the soils of the New World.

Old World globalization and the Columbian exchange: comparison and contrast

Nicole Boivin , Dorian Q Fuller & Alison Crowther (2012) Old World
globalization and the Columbian exchange: comparison and contrast, World Archaeology, 44:3,
452-469, DOI: 10.1080/00438243.2012.729404

  • Crop translocations as a social process
  • Crop introductions and productivity increases
  • China versus India Chinese millets outside China
  • Lateness of buckwheat

- classifying transformations in crop value and productivity

The Columbian Exchange
  • Alfred Crosby author
  • the most important changes brought on by the voyages of Columbus were not social or political, but biological in nature.
  • The book told the story of how 1492 sparked the movement of organisms, both large and small, in both directions across the Atlantic.
  • The Columbian Exchange remains a vital book, a small work that contains within the inspiration for future examinations into what happens when two peoples, separated by time and space, finally meet.
The Columbian Exchange
  • Millions of years ago, continental drift carried the Old World and New Worlds apart, splitting North and South America from Eurasia and Africa.
  • After 1492, human voyagers in part reversed this tendency.
  • Their artificial re-establishment of connections through the commingling of Old and New World plants, animals, and bacteria, commonly known as the Columbian Exchange, is one of the more spectacular and significant ecological events of the past millennium.
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The Columbian Exchange Map

The Columbian Exchange Map

visual of what was being traded between the Americas and Europe

The Columbian Exchange: Crash Course World History #23

John Green teaches you about the changes by contact between the Old World and the New.
Animals, Plants, Disease

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Triangular Trading

Triangular Trading
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Exchange

Exchange

Movement of goods

  • New Island discovered
  • People and Products
  • Customs of the Inhabitants
The Columbian Exchange
  • Exchanges of plants, animals, diseases and technology transformed European and Native American ways of life.
  • Beginning after Columbus' discovery in 1492 the exchange lasted throughout the years of expansion and discovery. 
Technology

    The Columbian Exchange influenced technological advances in the late 15th and
early 16th centuries. Europe was an economic and technological power compared to
the Native Americans they encountered in the New World.

Diseases
  • The Columbian Exchange is often times praised for the positive things that
  • it brought about such as the exchange of new animals, foods, and plants between the Old World and the New World.
  • However,not all of the aspects of the Columbian Exchange were positive. It is also important to realize that the Columbian Exchange can also be credited for the transmission of diseases which had adverse effects on both the Old and New World alike.
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Animals

Animals

    The passage from the Old Word to the New
World in the Columbian Exchange was made by animals as well as humans.  Both the
non-domesticated and the domesticated animals made an impact on the New World.

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Plants

Plants

    The plants involved in the Columbian Exchange changed both the economy and the culture of the New and Old
Worlds.