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Updated by suehayelizondo on Mar 21, 2016
Headline for Should Struggling Students Repeat a Grade?
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Should Struggling Students Repeat a Grade?

What kind of help does the student get if he has to repeat a grade level? Would it not be easier to let him advance and just help him with certain material that he is struggling with?


Do you know anyone who has repeated a grade? Find out why this happens in this article for kids.

Repeating a grade: The pros and cons | GreatKids

Grade retention or social promotion -- which is best? Read what the experts have to say.

Repeating a Grade

Teachers and parents are sometimes faced with the question of whether to have a child repeat a grade because he seems unprepared to learn the mate­rial in the next grade. When making this decision, keep in mind that research shows that low-achieving students tend to progress at the same rate, whether they are retained or promoted. Retained students do not necessarily score better on achievement tests at the end of the repeated grade, compared with similar students who are promoted. Even if retained students improve on stan­dardized test scores, their overall learning does not appear to increase.

Elementary school and kindergarten retention is harmful

New research on the debate between retention and social promotion

Effects of Grade Retention on Students

My English 2001 Multimodal project based on my researched argument essay asserting that giving students individual attention instead of having them repeat a ...

Holding Kids Back a Grade

How would you suggest discussing the fact that DD will be repeating second grade in the fall without her taking it to heart? It's a rather unique situation where she started kindergarten a year early and the following year we experienced a family tragedy. After that we watched her reading skills get worse and worse and at the end of second grade we are still not seeing the progress we would like after stabilizing her environment. Her grades run a consistent C average but her teacher feels she will thrive and excel if we keep her back instead of forcing her on. I kind of agree with her, but the issue I'm running into is knowing her best friend is 6 months younger than her and will be advanced to 3rd grade next year skipping second all together. She started doing second grade curriculum and this year and when DD found out she became upset self comparing and unable to understand why her friend that is younger than her is in the same grade now. I anticipate more upset feelings when she realizes she is not going on to third grade but her friend that is younger than her is. Soooooo, what can we do to get her to be ok...well more than ok, happy with this decision that the adults around have made for her? --BFGuru

Repeating a Grade: Pros and Cons

Has your child's school suggested repeating a grade? Learn the pros and cons of staying behind for kids with learning and attention issue

Children Who Repeated a Grade

Child Trends improves the lives and prospects of children and youth by conducting high-quality research and sharing the resulting knowledge with practitioners and policymakers.

Holding Kids Back Doesn't Help Them

At a time when more states are moving to retain struggling students in lower grades, research shows that such efforts are counterproductive, Deborah Stipek and Michael Lombardo say.

Failing in School: Should Your Child Repeat a Grade? - The Organizing Tutor

Having a student who is struggling in school can be frustrating, but the prospect of “holding back” your child, or having them repeat a grade, is just as defeating. While you want your child to succeed, it’s hard to see them take a step backward and not progressing through their academics with their friends. So what’s best for your child?

Overheard on Should you hold your child back?

by John Martin, CNN Editor's note: This post is part of the Overheard on series, a regular feature that examines interesting comments and thought-provoking conversations posted by the community. Some comments have been edited for space or clarity.

Why Kids Should Never Repeat a Grade

Is your child being held back in school? Learn how these decisions are made, who makes them, and whether grade retention is a successful strategy.

INTERVENTION Beats Retention!

Michigan House Bill 5111 would retain third-graders that test below grade-level in reading. There are better options. VIDEO: Les Howard, Literacy Education C...

printable of the week

Is it a good idea to hold your child back this year? Read what our experts say.

Making Retention A Last Resort

Making Retention A Last Resort: Too often, educators find themselves choosing between social promotion and retention, when neither benefits children. Some districts have found that intensive intervention in the early grades can eliminate the choice between two unappealing options.

Read or Repeat, Ohio Third Graders Put to the Test | PBS NewsHour Extra

News for Students and Teacher Resources 7-12 Grade Level

New Research Suggests Repeating Elementary School Grades - Even Kindergarten - is Harmful

The already muddy research on whether it’s better to hold back struggling students or promote them to the next grade just got muddier. A new study ,“The Scarring Effects of Primary-Grade Retention? A Study of Cumulative Advantage in the Educational Career,” by Notre Dame sociologist Megan Andrew, published Sept. 26, 2014, in the journal Social Forces is an empirically solid analysis that adds more weight to those who say retention — what education wonks call repeating a grade — is ultimately harmful.

Alternatives to Grade Retention

Research does not support grade retention. Early and Effective Remediation is the best way to avoid grade retention. We discuss the benefits of focusing on S...

The Wrightslaw Way

Parent #1: My son wants to be “left behind”. I feel that another year in the smaller, familiar middle school would be less intimidating and give him some time

Repeating a Grade: Student Now on Grade Levelin Reading and Math

This student is repeating first grade and was reading at a pre-primary level. He is now on grade level in both reading and math.

Repeat a Class? Pros and Cons (Learning World S4E15, 3/3)

Two education experts, one in Thailand the other in France, discuss their perspectives on the question 'to repeat or not to repeat' - a school year. Learning...

Retention in school

The term "retention" in regards to school means repeating an
academic year of school. Retention in school is also called grade
retention, being held back, or repeating a grade. Grade retention is the
opposite of social promotion, in which children continue with their age
peers regardless of academic performance.

Should some students repeat grades? Academic State Champs' Three Oaks Academy says yes

MUSKEGON, MI -- Having students repeat a grade isn't exactly popular with students, but Three Oaks Public School Academy isn't interested in popularity contests.


Founded in 1943, ASCD (formerly the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development) is an educational leadership organization dedicated to advancing best practices and policies for the success of each learner. Our 175,000 members in 119 countries are professional educators from all levels and subject areas––superintendents, supervisors, principals, teachers, professors of education, and school board members.